Periwinkle - a perennial climbing or prostrate herb of the family kutrovyh, found in Europe, Asia and North America. It can also be found in the Caucasus, Ukraine, the Baltic countries and Central Russia.
The leaves of vinca surprisingly strong, tenacious and keep a fresh appearance even under the snow. This plant has become a symbol of vitality and eternal love, the ancient magical powers attributed to him - dried flowers vinca wore on themselves to ward off evil spirits, wreaths of this plant was used in divination to marriage. For therapeutic purposes has long been used periwinkle with scurvy, consumption, bleeding, diarrhea. Used parts of the plant - leaves, stems and flowers.
For medical purposes use periwinkle and pink periwinkle. As part of this plant contains about 80 alkaloids, many of which have toxic properties. The vinca alkaloids, antitumor high content (such as vinblastine, vinkrestin, leyrozin) which have a cytostatic action (block tumor growth). Some of these substances are classified as vital and essential drugs.
Furthermore periwinkle plant alkaloids comprising steroids, phenolic compounds, organic acids, tannins, glycosides, sugars, mineral salts. Useful properties and use in traditional medicine is based on its rich composition.
Medicinal properties of periwinkle plant
The funds generated by this plant has anti-inflammatory, astringent, vasodilator, antihypertensive, hemostatic, sedative, anti-tumor effect. The individual components of the periwinkle have hypoglycemic effect.
Use in Traditional Medicine
In Hungary, on the basis of available vinca drugs vincristine and vinblastine sulfate, they are used in the treatment of acute leukemias and limfogranulomatoz. Especially good vincristine has proven itself in the treatment of acute leukemia in children.
Raw materials from periwinkle is used for the manufacture of the drug "rozevin" (domestic analogue vinblastine), which is used in the treatment of limfogranulomatoz, multiple myeloma and horioepiteliomy.
Besides anticancer alkaloids and other substances are used, a part of the plant. This drug is known as the Hungarian "Cavinton" contains a substance from the periwinkle. Also because of its constituents produced Vincamine which possesses hypotensive activity and is used in the treatment of hypertension, including crises.
Periwinkle is a small component of many homeopathic remedies.
Using the vinca in folk medicine
Drugs based on vinca better used under controlled experimental fitoterapevta to avoid overdosing.
From vinca make money, which is popularly used in the treatment of pre-cancerous conditions such as endometriosis, fibroids, polyps.
When leukemia helps decoction of the shoots, stems and flowers of periwinkle.
Preparations of this plant are used to treat hypertension, cerebrovascular, polyneuritis, consequences of meningoencephalitis. Also periwinkle plant helps with osteochondrosis, atherosclerosis, depression, neurological and psychiatric disorders (eg, schizophrenia, neurosis).
Periwinkle Pink effective in diseases of the ear and throat. Rinse water extract of this plant helps with diseases of the oral cavity and toothache. Infusion of periwinkle flowers used in the human reproductive system in men.
Alcohol tincture of this herb is used in the treatment of duodenal ulcer. Butter vinca well helps in the treatment of venous ulcers, it has wound-healing and antimicrobial action helps to get rid of Pseudomonas aeruginosa. The oil of this plant is used for hemorrhoids, prostatitis and benign prostatic hyperplasia.
Since part of the vinca reserpine, it has long been used to treat anemia and hypertension. In India, the use of hypoglycemic properties of this plant and use it in the treatment of diabetes.
It should be noted that the periwinkle plant contains a lot of biologically active substances, so an overdose can have a negative impact on health (disturbance of the heart). Should comply strictly with the dosage, in any case not exceeding them.