Manchurian walnut (dumbeysky) - monoecious deciduous tree or shrub belonging to the genus Walnut.
Description and place of distribution
Dumbeysky walnut is a close relative of the walnut. Under natural conditions it grows into a tall tree, about 25-30 meters, with a spreading crown. In the open field below the trunk, and the crown forms a tent, growing outwards. As such, the tree can become an ornament to any garden, and a well-protected from sunlight and rain.
It grows in Primorye dumbeysky walnut and Amur region, in the west of the river comes to Zep. It prefers mixed forests growing along river valleys and surrounding slopes. Wood successfully bred in Novosibirsk, Gorno-Altaisk, and a number of other settlements.
In Manchurian walnut complex imparipinnate leaves, up to 70 cm. They consist of 5-9 leaves, and have very pronounced odor that repels moles.
Tree Blossoms in May, simultaneously with opening of leaves, forming the branches are short brush up to 12 cm with female flowers and catkins up to 15 cm from the male flowers.
The tree begins to bear fruit in the 6-9 year life. The fruit is a drupe oval green up to 5 cm. Inside the green flesh is hard shell, but it is an oily seed - the kernel of the nut.
The chemical composition of Manchurian walnut
Properties Manchurian nut caused by the content of useful substances. The young leaves of plants contain tannins, iodine, alkaloids and essential oils, as well as a lot of ascorbic acid (approximately the same as in the rose hips). The pericarp of walnut found tannins, which contain gidroyuglony (substances that can have a beneficial effect in some skin diseases).
The kernels contain 50% fatty oil.
Medicinal properties of Manchurian walnut
Preparations based plant has antispasmodic, analgesic, astringent, anthelmintic, antidiabetic, antibacterial action. Gidroyuglony contained in the green husk give Manchurian walnut wound healing property of, and contribute to the treatment of skin diseases.
Has Manchurian walnut properties Phytoncidal: under the crown nut vegetation grows very bad.
Leaves of the plant are of special value. They exhibit a high antimicrobial activity.
Application of Manchurian walnut
I found its application Manchurian walnut in the Far Eastern medicine. There, in particular, the use of shell broths and extracts of bark and leaves of the walnut with inflammation of the mouth and stomach disorders.
From the bark of young shoots take baths at various skin diseases and rheumatism and bast nut is used as a wound-healing and painkiller.
Application of Manchurian walnut spread as a general tonic, bactericidal, anti-sclerotic funds, as well as to reduce the sugar in the blood and normalize metabolism.
Decoction of the leaves with angina rinse the throat, and into taking a decoction for diarrhea and internal bleeding.
Oil infusion of the plant is used as a wound-healing agent. Before hard physical work fresh walnut leaves rub your hands - it prevents the formation of calluses.
Kernels are very nutritious, they eat when exhaustion.
Contraindications Manchurian walnut is an idiosyncrasy.