Loosestrife - a perennial or biennial herbaceous plant belonging to the family of Primulaceae.
In the wild, the plant prefers moist meadows, marshes and coastal water areas. It blooms in late June. Thickets of this plant can be found throughout Europe, on the Crimean Peninsula, Russia, Central Asia and the Caucasus.
There loosestrife leaves, creeping along the ground, or high erect, covered with leaves, shoots. The flowers of a plant usually yellow, but there are species with white flowers, small bell-shaped, gathered in pyramidal inflorescences. The inflorescence is quite large and occupy almost half of the upper part of the shoot.
Cultivation loosestrife common in ornamental horticulture. Mostly gardeners grow three species of loosestrife - monetchaty, spot and ordinary.
Spot and ordinary loosestrife have erect stems. Lysimachia vulgaris - a rather tall plant, its height can be up to one and a half meters. The inflorescence is yellow, in the form of panicles. Loosestrife point below about twice its inflorescences connecting together form a whorl of 4 pieces. These types of plants like moist sunny places and well-drained soil. Under these conditions the plants will bloom throughout the summer.
Monetchaty loosestrife is creeping shoots in length does not exceed half a meter. Inflorescence rather large, growing from leaf sinuses. This type of plant is very undemanding and drought-resistant, fast growing and thrives in partial shade or shade.
Useful properties loosestrife
In folk medicine, the most widely spread Lysimachia vulgaris, due to high content of ascorbic acid and saponins. Monetchaty loosestrife, also known as meadow tea is used as a tincture for some diseases.
The plant has many useful medical properties: analgesic, astringent, hemostatic and wound healing. However, the official medicine medicinal properties of this plant are not applicable. But they have been applied in folk medicine and homeopathy.
In folk medicine, it is used to relieve symptoms of internal bleeding and diarrhea. The healing properties of tea from this plant is used to treat festering and festering wounds, as well as thrush, eczema and stomatitis.
The loosestrife contain carbohydrates, tannins, rutin, saponins, and silicic acid. During the flowering of the plant contain a large amount of ascorbic acid.
The plant is harvested with the roots and dried in a non-solar well-ventilated areas. The grass used for making tea. Leaves and flowers fray and make a mixture that is used for the treatment of abscesses. It is also applied to wounds and fresh leaves of the plant. From the roots of plants make powder, which is used as an analgesic and wound healing.
Use loosestrife prohibited elevated blood clotting, as well as diseases such as multiple sclerosis limb vessels, varicose veins, thrombosis. Hypertension, he is also contraindicated. Broth plants should not be given for the treatment of dry cough in children.