Glutamic acid is an essential amino acid which plays an important role in protein metabolism, nitrogen metabolism, redox processes in the brain.
Glutamic acid is an aliphatic amino acid which in humans is present in free form, or as part of some proteins and small molecules.
Glutamic acid - one of the components of myofibrils providing contraction of muscle fibers, it is also involved in the synthesis of urea (final metabolic product), ATP (nucleotide, which plays an important role in metabolism and energy), acetylcholine (neuromuscular performs transmission) and other amino acids .
Glutamic acid plays an important role in transporting and keeping the necessary level of potassium ions in the brain, it normalizes the results of glycolysis (the process of splitting glucose cells) in the blood, binds exchange process carbohydrates and nucleic acids.
The use of glutamic acid helps to normalize the metabolism, affecting the functional state of the endocrine and nervous system, promote the transfer of excitation to increase the body's resistance to lack of oxygen to accelerate the neutralization and excretion of ammonia.
Reviews of glutamic acid and clinical research suggests that the amino acid has hepatoprotective properties, that is, helps to restore and cleanse the liver, and suppresses gastric secretory function
Indications of glutamic acid
Glutamic acid, instruction confirms effective in:
- diseases of the nervous system;
- mental disorder, manifested in the form of depression, insomnia, mental exhaustion;
- effects of meningitis and encephalitis;
- delayed development in children;
- Cerebral Palsy
- Down's syndrome;
- poliomyelitis (acute infectious disease, which is characterized by violation of traffic);
- toxic neuropathy.
Instructions for use of glutamic acid
Glutamic acid, the use of which should be performed only on prescription, is produced in the form of powder, tablets, enteric-coated, film-coated tablets, and granules for suspension intended for oral administration.
According to the instructions, glutamic acid should be taken 2-3 times per day 15-30 minutes before meals.
In the case of dyspepsia drug must be taken during or after a meal.
The recommended dose of glutamic acid is: Adults and children over 10 years - 1 g, for children 7-9 years - 0, 5-1 g, for children 5-6 years - 0, 4 g, for children 3-4 years - 0, 25 g , children 1-3 years - 0, 15 g, children under 1 year - 0, 1 g
Although Glutamic acid ratings confirm well tolerated in some cases are possible adverse reactions to the use of the preparation as abdominal pain, diarrhea, nausea, vomiting, allergic reactions, anxiety.
Long-term use of glutamic acid can cause leukopenia, anemia, the appearance of cracks on the lips, mouth irritation.
Contraindications to the use of glutamic acid
Regulations prohibit the use of glutamic acid in the preparation:
- hepatic or renal failure;
- feverish syndrome;
- peptic ulcer disease;
- rapidly occurring psychotic reactions;
- increased excitability;
- nephrotic syndrome;
- suppression of bone marrow hematopoiesis.
Be wary of glutamic acid prescribed to patients with liver disease.
During the application of glutamic acid is necessary to carry out regular blood and urine tests. Store this medication at room temperature in a dark place. Shelf life of glutamic acid - 3 years.