Wolf bark (daphne, volchnik ordinary, volchnik fatal) - a perennial poisonous shrub family thymelaeaceae.
Wolf bark - Description
In wild shrub typically less than 1 m in height. However, in creating favorable conditions for it, it can grow up to 2, 5 m in height.
Spring bush bare stems, and flowers bloom on the branches of a wolf Laka. They are located in the axils of leaves left over from last year. Each sinus are three flower wolf Laka.
Daphne - only shrub in our region that blooms before the leaves. Flowers wolf Laka pink in appearance reminiscent of lilacs have a very pleasant aroma (similar to the scent of hyacinth).
The trunk and branches have daphne taupe color. The leaves are ovate. Berries wolf bark light red, and egg-shaped.
Daphne beautiful blooms from February to end of March. In Russia, during the flowering shrubs - April-May. Daphne loves the place, where there is little light, and soil - with plenty of nutrients. Mostly it grows in the woods or in a floodplain forest.
Shrub common in Eastern and Western Siberia, the Caucasus and the European part of Russia.
Wolf bark - the description of the chemical composition
In all parts of the bush contains toxic substances - glycoside dafrin (causes rapid bleeding) and resin mezerin (causes stomach upset and skin redness and blisters appear).
The flowers of the wolf bast contains fatty oil, an active effect on the skin, benzoic acid, sitosterol, flavonoids and coumarins, dafnin, dafnetin, hydroxycoumarins.
In the cortex, the plant contains wax, resins, and dyes.
Berries are a source of wolf Laka coloring and bitter substances, essential oils, and fat kokkognina.
Treatment wolf born
Preparations have volchnika ordinary analgesic, hypnotic, laxative and anti-epileptic effect on the human body.
To treatment born wolf should be approached with great caution. Daphne - a very poisonous plant, so you should not take it without doctor's permission.
Infusions of daphne is used topically with radiculitis, sciatica, neuralgia and tumors. In some cases, a decoction or infusion of the plant on the basis used for colds, sore throat, jaundice and dysentery.
When a toothache daphne has analgesic effect.
Wolf bark - description of the signs of poisoning
Man enough to eat a few berries wolf bark, and he will die.
Symptoms of poisoning include:
- abdominal pain;
- urine with blood;
- excessive salivation.
Death occurs as a result of cardiac arrest.
If it shows signs of poisoning as soon as possible to take the following measures: wash out the stomach and enter the liquid paraffin. In the case of poisoning by daphne in any case can not take a laxative. The main objective for poisoning is to eliminate irritation of the mucous membranes of the digestive tract. To do this, you must give the poisoned hold chunks of ice in your mouth, mucous grease dikainom and inside to take benzocaine.
Contraindications wolf Laka
Apply daphne follows strictly observing dosage. Babies born wolf treatment is absolutely contraindicated.