Bacteriologist doctor - a specialist who studies the causes of infectious diseases, antigenic, genetic and morphological properties. Bacteriologist explores environmental objects, materials, healthy and sick individuals.
Stages of preparation of Bacteriological sowings
The human body is home to many microorganisms, both beneficial and pathogenic. 99% of all bacteria are beneficial microorganisms - unselfish human helpers. They are a constant intestinal microflora. Basically, it Bacteroides and Bifidobacteria (90-98%). However, there are associated microorganisms - enterococci, Escherichia coli, lactobacillus (1-9% of the total number of microorganisms). In certain circumstances, all bacteria except bifidobacteria, are able to cause various diseases.
Unstable intestinal microflora presented opportunistic infections - staphylococci and various mushrooms. Their number and composition are constantly changing. For the recognition of a particular pathogen infection bacteriologist doctor assigns certain lab tests. It bacteriologist decides which way to choose the laboratory tests in each case. From the correctness of the chosen tactic of research depends accuracy and correctness of further diagnosis.
The most common method of detecting the causes of the disease are considered bacteriological crops. The patient takes the so-called biological material - blood, urine, feces, semen, and the secret of the prostate (in men), and the secret of cervical swab of the vagina (in women), saliva, discharge from the nose and throat, cerebrospinal fluid, wound discharge.
Bacteriological sowings are divided into the following types:
- the study of the biological material on the sensitivity to antibiotics and flora;
- Study of the presence of fungi;
- Seeding for demodex.
The biomaterial is placed in a special broth - medium. This crop is a rapid multiplication of micro-organisms, which greatly facilitates the identification of the infectious agent.
Bacteriological methods physician and bacteriologist often explores the so-called beneficial bacteria of the digestive tract that take part in the process of digestion.
The main duties of the physician-bacteriologist
The doctor must know bacteriologist questions for private and general microbiology and epidemiology, mechanisms of immune responses, the doctrine of the infection. He has a good understanding of serological methods of research, modern methods of microbiological diagnostics in the content and sections of bacteriology, the main issues clinics and pathogenesis of bacterial infections, as well as the principles of planning and reporting bacteriological laboratory services.
Bacteriologist should also not only to conduct bacteriological tests in connection with the assigned professional duties, but also to participate in the study and the further introduction of modern methods of bacteriological laboratory and equipment. Moreover, a bacteriologist should make recommendations for health staff.
It bacteriologist defines the volume and nature of biological material for research, and the terms and timing of taking material sampling. He organizes the taking of biological material and its delivery to the laboratory. Bacteriologist doctor determines the conditions of transportation and storage of biological material for research. Next, the doctor performs a microscopic examination of the material obtained, then determines whether the use of a particular method or method of sowing. After sowing, he examines qualitative and quantitative indicators have grown crops. Separating pure cultures of bacteria, it selects the necessary tests to determine their taxonomic position.
The physician and bacteriologist for diagnostic purposes should be able to easily identify the tribal affiliation of various microorganisms - Shigella, Salmonella, Klebsiella, Proteus, hafnium, Neisseria, bacilli, Pseudomonas, Corynebacterium, micrococci, streptococci, staphylococci, clostridia, serratsy, Bordetella, Leptospira, diarrhea pathogens vibriogennyh and especially dangerous infections.
According to the obtained data of the study is antibiotikogrammy bacteriologist, and then, in the blood serum of the patient to conduct the reaction for the detection of antibody titer.
After completing the study material it carries out its decontamination, and then gives a reasoned response and prepares accounting and reporting medical records.
The physician must be able to reproduce a bacteriologist infectious processes in animals, possess a variety of ways to immunize experimental animals in order to obtain specific antibodies neutralize toxins and antitoxins.
The duties of the physician bacteriologist also includes monitoring compliance regime and anti-epidemic safety of junior and middle medical personnel, and conducting health education among the population.
So the doctor controls of foodstuffs, were sampled. The study concluded bacteriologist is sold on the sanitary condition of food premises in which the sale. Doctor bacteriologist checks sanitary condition of the people associated with the products. He spends washings with equipment, with hands, equipment and containers. After conducting research bacteriologist takes action on the possible dismissal of employees the trade sphere.
A doctor holds control over all medical facilities, hairdressers, saunas, nail salon, food markets, restaurants, children's dairy kitchens, cafes, canteens, bars and other catering establishments.
Based on the knowledge gained bacteriologist may conduct bacteriological examination of centralized water supply, bathing, swimming pools, reservoirs, sewage, as well as air and soil.