People have always attached great importance to the appearance of their hair. This is not surprising! After all, well-groomed
beautiful hair are evidence of good physical health and psycho-emotional state of quiet. On the contrary - dull brittle hair say about many problems in human life.
Hair is one of the appendages of the skin and are formed from the outer layer of skin (epidermis). There are several types of hair:
- Vellus - their length is less than 1, 5 mm. They can occur anywhere on the body except for the foot and hand.
- Bristly or short. This group includes the hair growing at the edge of the nostrils, forming the eyebrows and eyelashes.
- Long hair - these are hairs that grow on the head, genitals, shoulders, chest and beard.
Each hair consists of the following parts:
- Stem - located above the surface of the skin;
- The hair bulb.
97% of the hair consist of solid protein material enriched with vitamins and trace elements - keratin and 3% of water.
During the day, the hair grows about half a millimeter and are the fastest-growing agency. The life of each hair is on average from two to six years. Every day an adult of about 80 drops of hair, and in their place begins to grow new ones.
At the head of a man, there are from 60 to 500 thousand hair. Least of all hair in redheads. Most thick hair seen in brunettes and blondes are usually quite thin.
Healthy hair have high strength, comparable to that of aluminum. On average, a single hair can withstand a load of about 20, 0 grams.
As we said above, each day a person loses about 80 hairs. This is a normal physiological process. But sometimes hair loss can be significant. As a result, the hair becomes sparse, and in severe cases can develop even baldness (alopecia).
Causes of hair loss can be very different:
- Genetic predisposition;
- The aging process;
- Hormonal disorders;
- Damage hair (perming, drying, painting, etc.);
- Traumatic injuries to the scalp;
- Autoimmune diseases;
- Fungal and bacterial infections;
- Some drugs (chemotherapeutic agents, anticoagulants, etc.);
- Thyroid disease;
- Wrong hairstyles (too stiff tails, braids);
- Poor nutrition.
Hair loss may be complete (fall evenly across the head) or local (partial).
Hair Treatment at
Alopecia is largely determined by the reason that caused the development of the condition. If the disease is due to genetic predisposition or age factor, then stop its further progression is almost impossible. However, by implementing proper hair care can significantly reduce hair loss. To do this, use special hair products (shampoos, conditioners, air conditioners). For combing is best to choose a comb with a few teeth. Try not to dye your hair, do perm and as infrequently as possible to use a hairdryer.
When hair loss can help you and OTC drug Minoxidil. At its regular intake of about one third of patients can not restore your hair. However, after treatment the hair often begins to fall again.
Pay attention to your diet. A healthy, strong and beautiful hair can not be people-eating defective. The diet should be balanced in content of proteins, carbohydrates and fats. It should be every day to eat fresh fruits and vegetables.
If hair loss is due to other reasons, it is necessary to consult a doctor. Only a doctor can determine the exact cause of the disease and prescribe proper treatment of hair, aimed at addressing the causes of their loss. In the absence of the effect of the therapy can be performed hair transplant.
Advertisement various means for hair promises "silky, thick and beautiful hair." But in fact, it often happens that selecting the wrong type to a specific hair shampoo, we are faced with quite the opposite effect.
The main function of any shampoo is washing off with the hair grease and dirt. In addition, it should give our hair shine, elasticity, flexibility, softness. A good quality shampoo and helps retain moisture in the hair shaft and nourishes the scalp.
Shampoo for oily hair contains in its composition and microspheres microsponges. First feed the ends of her hair, and the second fine layer of fat is removed from the root zone.
In the dry type of hair should be selected to restore and nourish shampoos, containing vitamins, plant extracts and oils, collagen and proteins. These shampoos are well moisturize the scalp, restore the structure of the strands. Through regular use you will get luxurious and beautiful hair.
For owners of normal hair is best to opt for a mild shampoo with a low content of nutrients and dried ingredients.
All other hair products (balms, conditioners, mousse, etc.) should be selected as focusing on your natural hair type.