Vegetables play an important role in human life. They are an important source of vitamins and minerals, and legumes, in addition, a rich, sweet proteins. The family of legumes presented various kinds of vegetables. Among them are little-known plants such as cowpeas. For an exotic name hides a very useful vegetable for the person.
Beans belongs to the legume family and has more than 230 varieties. She - a native of Central and South America. However, cowpeas, also called string beans, by and large is not alone, because her homeland - Africa. Nevertheless, a striking similarity of these two vegetables contributed to borrow the title.
Beans Vigna is an annual plant, it may be sectional or curling. Grown only in the culture, it can not be found in the wild. Especially considering the fruit in the form of beans, which can reach a length of 1 m. Use them immature, in the stage of milk ripeness, when the length of the pod not exceeding 50 cm. In this case, the bean leaf having no parchment layer, characterized by a very delicate flavor.
There are three main varieties of beans Vigna is:
The first two of which are curly, they differ in color and width of the seed pod. Japanese Vigna has black seeds and a broader pod. The Chinese bean seeds brown. The lack of rough fiber layer on the wings bean allows to use it in food entirely. Therefore, these types of plants are called Vigna asparagus. In the sectional shape of the blade rather rude and not used for food.
And useful, and beautiful
The green beans contain a lot of nutrients. On caloric it ranks first among vegetable crops. Regular consumption of cowpea helps regulate the level of hemoglobin in the blood, as the content of its important proteins - albumin - this vegetable is comparable to poultry. Beans are well digested and contains all essential amino acids, many of which are lacking in animal products.
High nutritional value of vegetable crops is associated with a high content of protein, minerals and vitamins. Mineral substances prevail potassium, calcium, iron, phosphorus, iodine. Vigna asparagus is a dietary product, it is recommended for diseases of the liver and nervous system. The wings contain a substance that lowers blood sugar levels.
Advantages beans are not exhausted its beneficial nutritional properties. Many are involved with this decorative plants. Climbing plants with beautiful light violet flowers are often decorated with gazebos, fences, verandas.
Vigna - recipes
Beans - nutritious and at the same time a dietary product, therefore its use in food is very useful. Cowpea eaten both fresh and in canned form, it is fried, boiled, stewed. Beans are used in the kitchens of different people. To prepare the delicious dishes of cowpea, recipes, there are very simple. For example, the Georgian lobio green beans.
This will require the following ingredients: cowpeas, onions, tomatoes, sunflower oil, garlic, parsley and cilantro, basil, black pepper, salt. Cooking method:
- Boil chopped into pieces green beans in boiling water for 3-5 minutes;
- Scald the tomatoes and remove their skin;
- Fry the onions;
- Mix the beans and tomatoes with onion, pour broth in which cooked cowpeas and stew;
- Add herbs and garlic, mashed with salt and pepper.
Lobio is a separate dish, and it can be served as a side dish to meat.
Cowpea, recipes that are simple enough, can be prepared at any time of the day.
For breakfast, perfect green beans tempura - very nutritious and easy to digest food. It requires: beans, eggs, parsley and dill, vegetable oil, flour.
- Cowpea Boil in salted water, cool, then a little dry;
- Beat the eggs, add salt and mix with chopped parsley and dill;
- Dip asparagus bean pods in egg sauce, roll in flour and fry in vegetable oil.
Beans Vigna - interesting and, most importantly - a very useful vegetable crops. In addition to its high nutritional value, it is also very decorative. Familiar only a certain circle of fans, Vigna broccoli is gradually expanding its position. This allows more and more people to diversify their diets, making it a nutritious and useful.