Salo is animal fat that is deposited under the skin in the abdomen. Functionally it
It is a nutrient reserve animal and consists predominantly of triglycerides. It also contains a lot of saturated fatty acid residues.
Eat fat in fresh, boiled, smoked. Popular as fat and salt salty smoked, which was called "fat".
Calorie fat is quite high - 100 g of about 770-810 calories. This is the main reason that many women prefer to eat him not to drink at all.
A bit of history
I wonder who started first have bacon? It is believed that it is a Ukrainian national product, but is it? It turns out that about fat known since ancient times and other nations. For example, in the Armenian sources dating from the 7th century BC You can find a mention about the food. In ancient China, and grown pigs, and to this day there is love to eat bacon and pork. However, this can be considered the birthplace of Italy, or rather, Ancient Rome. In Rome there were many slaves who had something to feed, and the fat just is very satisfying and inexpensive food.
For centuries, fat was considered the food of the poor, and the meat was given to the rich. Since it was necessary to store fat, people have learned it properly harvested, freeze, smoke, cook salty bacon. With him began to prepare various dishes, and every people can find their recipes with the addition of food: Ukrainians, Czechs, Poles, British, Russian, Germans, Americans and Belarusians. The Muslims considered unclean pork product, so it does not consume the food. If you think we can find the roots of this practical - due to the hot climate store fat in these countries has always been problematic.
In Russia since the 13th century, fat was one of the staple foods. In these troubled times in Russia came the Mongols, who collected an extremely high tribute from the people. This applies to everything, and the food and living creatures in the house. Do not touch them only pigs - because of their short legs it was difficult to overtake.
The Ukrainian, Belarusian and Russian villages fat always respected and loved: with onions and black bread, radishes, horseradish and mustard, it was always convenient to take with you to work, hunting or fishing. Without fat also does not do any one meal. We know that it prevents rapid intoxication with alcohol and fat of well-digested fats contained therein.
Despite high caloric lard in its composition there are substances useful in such combinations that it is absorbed by the body is much easier than butter. It contains about 88% of animal fats that contain saturated and unsaturated fatty acids, cholesterol. Also the presence of proteins and vitamins A, E, D, C, B, PP, and minerals such as magnesium, phosphorus, potassium, sodium, zinc, iron, selenium, manganese, copper and calcium.
The fat contains a lot of arachidonic acid, so necessary for normal functioning of human organs and the development of many important hormones. When shortages occur frequently in human inflammatory processes. That is why doctors believe that the use of fat in the first place, is the presence therein of arachidonic acid. The vegetable products it is not contained, and in its butter almost 10 times less than in fat.
Also, the use of such fat is unsaturated fatty acids it contains: linoleic, oleic, linoleic, so health and beauty, this food is much more useful than the best quality sausages.
Treatment of lard
Unsalted and salted fat has long been successfully used in cooking. But beyond that it is successfully used in folk medicine for the prevention and treatment of many diseases.
lard for colds. Bronchitis, for example, prepare a mixture of broth marshmallow root and suet. Legs and arms for colds, pain in the joints rubbed pork lard.
To stop the inflammation of mastitis, breast impose on the old thin slices of bacon. Also it is effective in weeping eczema. To do this, prepare the following mixture: 2 tablespoons peretoplennogo unsalted bacon, 2 egg whites, 1 liter of juice of celandine and 100 g of crushed grass nightshade. The resulting mixture before use is necessary to insist three days, then it is possible to lubricate the affected areas.
It helps fat recover after a serious illness, especially for exhaustion. To do this, prepare a mixture of 2 tablespoons honey, 1 tbsp butter and 1 tbsp bacon, melted in a water bath.
Hardhealed wounds treated with a mixture of beeswax and unsalted lard. And with varicose veins in the early stages of the use of fat it helps to stop the disease.
If heel spur is very good mixture of vinegar, raw eggs and unsalted bacon. It helps for pain in the teeth. It's enough just to make a slice of salty bacon between a sick tooth and gum.
In addition, it is believed that the fat is the perfect prophylactic against cancer, as it promotes the excretion of toxins and radionuclides.
Along with the many useful properties of lard can be identified and a number of his bad qualities.
Firstly, the damage of fat is that it can be very fast to gain weight. After all, our daily diet consists of not only fat, but also from other products, so there is a risk to consume much more fat and calories than necessary. The daily rate of fat - not more than '50
Moreover, if his work is not to follow safety rules, the fat becomes apparent damage, since there is a strong possibility of infestation.
It has fat and a number of contraindications. For example, its use is contraindicated in patients with pancreatitis and cholecystitis, since disease can be exacerbated.