Quinoa Grain refers to annual crops of the family Chenopodiaceae, native to South America on the slopes of the Andes.
Quinoa is high enough plant (reaching a height of almost human growth) with light green stem and rounded leaves similar to leaves of quinoa. Grains of buckwheat resemble different color, and the taste - neoshelushenny Fig. Depending on the color of the grain (beige, red or black) quinoa divided into three basic types.
The shores of Titicaca, the largest alpine lake in the world, is considered to be the birthplace of cinema. This plant for a long time the inhabitants of the valleys cultivated hillsides (at an altitude of 3,000-4,000 meters above sea level), dominated by harsh climatic conditions.
"Golden grain" on a par with the Incas cultivated potatoes and corn. This name was due not only to the height of the area where grown quinoa but with a lot of useful properties, which were known to the ancient Incas. In lean years, quinoa replaces the rice, bread and potatoes.
After the plant began to spread around the world, it has successfully caught on in Tibet, the Himalayas and other mountain ranges. Now Quinoa also grow on the coast and on land where previously the jungle.
In Europe, the movie received its recognition of the nineteenth century. In Russia it was called quinoa quinoa quinoa or rice. After having been discovered and studied the beneficial properties of this plant, in 2013 UNESCO declared the International Year of Quinoa.
100 g quinoa contains:
- 13, 28 g of water;
- 14, 12 g protein;
- 6, 07 g of fat;
- 57, 16 g carbohydrate;
- 7 grams of fiber (fiber);
- 2, 38 g of ashes.
Among the vitamins comprising the quinoa, leader takes choline and ascorbic acid (70, 2 and 6 to 8 mg per 100 g of grains respectively). It also contains beta-carotene, riboflavin, pyridoxine, pantothenic acid, tocopherol and vitamin PP.
Most of the macro contains phosphorus and potassium (563 and 457 mg, respectively) of microelements - iron and zinc (4, 57 3 and 1 mg, respectively).
Calorie 100g quinoa is 368 kcal.
Useful features and benefits of quinoa
According to nutritionists Quinoa has no equal among cereals in the number of nutrients. Compared to wheat, rice and barley to quinoa contains more fiber, alpha-tocopherol, folic acid, riboflavin, and complex carbohydrates.
Also, many nutritionists quinoa compared with mother's milk, as is almost completely absorbed by the body. In addition, it refers to one of the best sources of vegetable protein whole required athletes, children, pregnant women and vegetarians. According to representatives of NASA's Quinoa is an ideal product to feed astronauts.
Quinoa is undoubted benefit for people with allergies, because its composition does not include gluten.
Quinoa contains a lot of lysine, which promotes the absorption of calcium, rapid healing of tissue, bone formation, hair growth and prevents the development of anemia.
A large number of fiber, vitamins A, B, C and D, and tryptophan promotes the synthesis of the hormone of joy (serotonin), makes a useful movie for those who suffer from diabetes, hypertension and various heart diseases.
Quinoa is also proven to be beneficial as a dietary product. The unique combination of large amounts of protein and amino acids with a minimum amount of fat allows you to apply it in the daily diet as a product that helps reduce excess weight.
Application and quinoa recipes
Quinoa belongs to the universal cereal - because it can be cooked cereal, vegetable oil to make salad of sprouts and sprouted grains.
The main secrets of proper cooking quinoa are three rules:
- Grits must be well rinsed to porridge not bitter;
- Quinoa should not digest the grains are not played havoc;
- After cooking porridge should stir thoroughly to avoid clumping.
Porridge quinoa goes well with many foods: mushrooms, raisins, dried cranberries, dried apricots, figs, peppers, carrots, parsley, cilantro, celery, fennel and dried apricots. Also, it is possible to replace rice in vegetable pilaf.
From flour obtained from quinoa grain, it can be baked not only bread but also confectionery, e.g., cookies with sesame. Also produces pasta made from quinoa flour.
For the preparation of quinoa perfectly quenches thirst drink grain plants should be mixed with sugar and dilute with water.
Quinoa has virtually no contraindications except in cases of individual intolerance of the plant. The only caveat nutritionists believe in taking care of quinoa children and nursing mothers, as their sensitivity to this plant is unknown.