Honey mushrooms - mushrooms plate with a convex cap brown at the edges wavy and thin long leg covered with flaky scales. Relate
Mushrooms family tricholomataceae. Growing up, usually in small groups, mostly, on the trunks of living trees and stumps. Spread using the spread of black threadlike strands of mycelium, which sometimes reach a length of several meters. The substrate for mushroom habitat usually affects the white fungus, causes the gradual decay of the wood and its destruction. Destruction of dead trees and stumps followed by an interesting phenomenon - a natural luminescence. At night, the trees emit a light flickering light, scaring belated tourists.
Collect mushrooms start to the end of August and before the first frost. Mostly fungus grows on old tree stumps, roots of coniferous and deciduous trees. Very often you can see it on birch and oak stumps. The area of distribution - from the far north to the subtropics, except, perhaps, the permafrost.
In the western regions of honey agaric little valued and often not considered edible, but in the regions of Eastern Europe and in Russia it is one of my favorite mushrooms. The main advantage of honey agaric is that they occur each year in the same place at the same time. So avid mushroom pickers always know the place where you can collect autumn bountiful harvest honey agaric.
Since ancient times, mushrooms were very much appreciated in Russia for their abundance. In favorable years collecting honey agaric Bole was 400 kg per hectare. Nowadays in some countries mushrooms artificially bred on an industrial scale. It is much more convenient than picking mushrooms in the wild, and in taste and properties of mushrooms artificial nothing inferior to natural.
When cut Armillaria pulp is white, which does not tarnish with time, light aroma and specific astringent taste. Actually, no special qualities of this fungus is not, and its popularity, primarily due to its high prevalence. Honey mushrooms are widely used in cooking. From them prepare a variety of dishes: soups, pies, salads, do conservation in the winter, etc. They can be fried, pickling, salting, cooking, but there is one essential condition: the mushrooms be sure to boil in water for at least half an hour, then drain the mushroom broth. The only exception to this rule is drying honey agaric, when exposed to sunlight all potentially dangerous substances in the fungus, decay.
The composition and caloric content of honey agaric
The main use of honey agaric is high in vitamins B1 and C, as well as copper and zinc - microelements which are indispensable for normal hematopoiesis. If consumed daily 100 grams of honey agaric, man himself will provide the daily requirement of these elements. Therefore, these fungi must be compulsorily included in the diet of people who have problems with hematopoiesis.
The mushroom contains about 90% water. The proteins that make up the honey agaric, very well absorbed by the body. Please be aware that dried mushrooms protein twice more than in beef. Also in the fungus enters fiber, mono- and disaccharides. Furthermore, the use of honey agaric is a high content of calcium and phosphorus. Present in them, and iron, potassium, magnesium, sodium, and vitamin PP, E, B2.
low, so they can be attributed to dietary products. Caloric honey agaric is 22 kcal per 100 g of product.
The beneficial properties of honey agaric
By the beneficial properties of honey agaric include their laxative, bactericidal and anti-cancer properties.
Recommended to use these fungi in the Escherichia coli and Staphylococcus aureus. They are believed to have a beneficial effect on the thyroid gland. In addition, their composition contains antineoplastic agents. Therefore, their use is recommended as a preventive measure against cancer.
Use honey agaric is bactericidal effect in purulent infections and tuberculosis.
Most novice mushroom is difficult to distinguish the false estimates of location of the present, despite the fact that the difference seems to be obvious: a false estimates of location, which included a lot of toxins, has a brick red or gray-yellow, and no scales on the stem and rings. In addition, it tastes sharp and has an unpleasant smell.
Collect mushrooms mushroom is recommended only for experienced, as the slightest mistake can be very costly for you and your family.