Hamsa refers to a form of anchovies. This coastal schooling fish lives mainly in the eastern part of the Atlantic Ocean. In addition, it is found in the waters of the Black Sea and the Mediterranean, and in the summer months often comes in the Baltic Sea, the Sea of Azov, and even the North Sea.
The body length of anchovy is less than 15 - 20 cm. The color of its back can vary from black and gray to blue-green. Boca her beautiful white and silver. Often, along the sides of the anchovy can be seen the narrow longitudinal stripes, to cast a metallic luster.
A little history
Hamsa is familiar to mankind since ancient times. Crimean fishermen in the early AD sold this fish to the ancient Greeks and Romans. The ancient Greek geographer and historian Strabo wrote that the anchovy in the old days was valued very highly and its importance second only to bread. During the archaeological excavations on the Crimean coast have been found remnants of networks through which fishermen caught anchovy and large wooden vats intended for its salting.
The ancient Greeks and Romans prized meat anchovy for his special tenderness and kind, with a slight bitter taste. In ancient times food was used mainly salted anchovy. Also from this fish is prepared rather sour and hot sauce called gurum.
And today anchovy still in great demand among consumers, not only because of its excellent taste, but also widely available. This fish is still one of the most important commercial species. The sale is mainly salted anchovy, but sometimes there are frozen. From it make stew and pies, added to various salads. The Italian cuisine is prepared from anchovy fragrant and delicious pasta and stuffed olives it.
Hamsa is considered one of the best fish delicacies. It can be eaten whole, without taking away from the fillet small bones. Since it is in the skin and bones of the fish contained the most calcium and phosphorus, the anchovy can be named an important source of these elements. In addition to this the fish contained molybdenum, nickel, fluorine, chromium, and zinc. It is a useful food for people of all ages. By its nutritional value, it is almost nothing inferior to beef, but the protein contained in it, is better absorbed by the human body. This relatively low calorie anchovy and its no fears extra weight gain can include in your diet, and those who adhere to the diet.
Hams is also a source of polyunsaturated fatty acids, reduces the level of serum cholesterol, reduce risk of thrombus formation, improving the lipid profile. In addition fatty acids prevent the development of malignant tumors, diseases of the cardiovascular system and kidney, and in the case of occurrence of these diseases and can significantly slow down its progression.
It is proved that the anchovy has a positive effect on male potency. In this regard, nutritionists advise the stronger sex regularly include this fish in your menu.
Calorie anchovy and its composition
The anchovy contained 2% fat, 17% protein and 5% carbohydrate 0. In addition it has vitamin PP, as well as macro- and microelements (chlorine, sulfur, zinc, chromium, fluoride, molybdenum, nickel, calcium, phosphorus and others.).
Calorie anchovy quite low and only 88 kcal per 100 g 0.
By its appearance and taste salty anchovy is very similar to anchovies. It differs from it more tender and pink meat. Salted anchovy is a favorite dish of many people. Especially tasty it with boiled or baked potatoes in the oven.
However salted anchovy contains too much salt. Therefore we should not get involved in it too much not to have on the urinary system the heavy load. People suffering from kidney disease and / or cardiovascular system in general should be to completely eliminate salt from your diet anchovy.