Pike - freshwater fish, the only member of the family Schukovyh.
This fish is quite large and can reach a length of one and a half meters and weigh up to 35 kg.
Pike has a torpedo shaped body, a wide mouth and a big head. Color she is different, depending on the environment, the nature and extent of vegetation, and may be gray-green, gray-yellow, gray-brown with a dark back and a large olive or brown spots on the sides. Paired fins orange and unpaired - yellow, gray or brown with dark spots. In some bodies of water can be found silver pike. Lifespan fish averaging about thirty years.
Of all the freshwater fish pike it has the widest habitat. She inhabits in freshwater in North America and Eurasia. He prefers to live in the coastal zone, of oblong or flowing waters, aquatic thickets. In lakes and rivers, the pike is sedentary. Sometimes it can be found in the brackish parts of the sea, for example, in the Curonian, Riga and the Gulf of Finland, in the Taganrog Bay of the Azov Sea.
Mouth of pike perfectly adapted to capture the victim due to the sharp teeth of different caliber in the lower jaw and smaller multidirectional cutter sitting deep in the mucous membrane, through which the fish swallows the good booty. Moreover, the reverse is not possible for the production: at the slightest resistance to the teeth rise from the mucosa and dig into the victim's body like a thousand needles. They feed mainly on fish pike (minnows, perch, roach). Characteristic of pike and cannibalism, that is eating the smaller members of their species. They also prey on waterfowl mammals (moles and mice), reptiles and amphibians. Do not disdain the dregs of fish and different, carrion and small insects, because of their insatiable voracity.
Under natural conditions, females begin to reproduce on the third or fourth year of life, and males - in fifth. Spawning takes place at a depth of 0, 5-1 m at a temperature of 3-6 degrees Celsius, just after the ice melts. During spawning pike in shallow water rises and joyfully splashing. Please go to spawn the finest specimens, and large after them. At this time, keep the pike groups. In small, there are two females, four males and at large - eight.
Catch pike in several ways, but the most common is catching on spinning. When fishing with spinning as bait using such gear as silicone fish, wobblers, twisters, rippers, spinners.
Pike in cooking
In cooking pike began to use since the Middle Ages. It immediately won the hearts of many gourmets, as it has excellent taste in any form - stewed, roasted, baked. Pike prepare delicious pate, it is eaten with sauerkraut, various sauces and salted, smoked or simply boiled.
Meat pike are not only very tasty, but due to low calorie, pike still a dietary product, is perfect for stations, so it is a favorite food in the monasteries. In addition, meat pike useful many other varieties of fish, and her liver since the 17th century is considered to be an exquisite delicacy. In those days, the pike is an essential feature on the tables of the richest sectors of society. There were even guild "miners pike", which has the exclusive right to supply these fish.
Pike - meaty fish and perfect for cooking enforcement, meatballs, rolls, and stuffing. It is best to use in cooking medium-sized fish, weighing no more than 2-2, 5 kg, since the larger fishes meat drier.
The composition and caloric content of pike
100 g of crude 78 contains pike, 92 g of water 19, 26 g protein, 1, 2 g ash, 0, 69 g of fat; vitamins retinol (A), thiamine (B1), riboflavin (B2), choline (B4), pantothenic acid (B5), pyridoxine (B6), folic acid (B9), cyanocobalamin (B12), Niacin (PP), ascorbic acid (C), alpha tocopherol (E) calciferol (D), phylloquinone (C); macronutrients: phosphorus, sodium, magnesium, calcium and potassium; trace elements: selenium, zinc, copper, manganese, and iron.
Calorie pike is low, approximately 88 kcal per 100 g of product.
Useful properties of pike
Firstly, undoubtedly useful feature pike are its dietary qualities due to its low fat content and low calorific value.
Secondly, in the meat of pike contains powerful natural antiseptic, strengthens the immune system and help fight bacterial infections. Therefore, another useful feature is the prevention of influenza pike.
The pike contains a lot of phosphorus and potassium, B vitamins and other substances, so its regular use reduces the risk of cardiac arrhythmia.
Pike is useful for people suffering from diseases of the gastrointestinal tract, obesity, hypovitaminosis, cardiovascular disease.