Without it does not do
hot or stews or soups. However, in addition to excellent taste it has the seasoning and lots of "goodies" that can be successfully used in medicine bay leaf.
Bay leaf - a plant family laurel. The homeland of his country is in Asia Minor and the Mediterranean. This spice is used by man since time immemorial. Branches and leaves of laurel crowned heads of winners of sports and war heroes in the Roman Empire and ancient Greece, and the tree itself was considered sacred. In the Middle Ages laurel was considered a symbol of good and believed that it protects against evil forces and lightning. Actually, the word "winner" is derived from the word "Laurel" and it can be literally translated as "crowned with laurels."
Today Laurel grown in most countries with a suitable climate for it - Greece, Turkey, France, Italy, Spain and other Mediterranean countries, Caucasian countries, Guatemala, Albania and Portugal. In Ukraine, bay leaf grown in Crimea.
Judging by the numerous reviews, bay leaf is widely used not only in cooking but also in the medical and chemical industries. The raw material used to produce it, and camphor cineol.
Bay leaves in cooking
In cooking, bay leaf is one of the most common spices. As a spice used seeds and ground leaves.
Back in the mid-17th century, a personal chef Queen Marie de Medici, the Frenchman Francois Pierre de la Varenp was written a review of the bay leaf in his cookbook, which said that he was not only able to improve, but also to correct the taste of almost any dish. It is recommended to add it not only in the first and second courses, but also in puddings and desserts.
Add it to marinades, sauces, broths, soups, used in the preparation of fish and meat dishes as well as salty and acidic. Add it in the preservation of vegetables - zucchini, tomatoes, cucumbers, cabbage, squash. It is particularly well combined with pickled cucumbers, beets, tomatoes and cabbage. Pleasant taste bay leaf gives goulash, jelly, sauces.
Essential oil of laurel is used in the manufacture of certain alcoholic beverages and confectionery.
The composition of leafs
100 g leafs comprises 75 g of carbohydrates, 8 g fat, 8 g protein as well as ash, saturated fatty acids, cellulose. Contained in Laurel vitamins retinol (A), thiamine (B1), riboflavin (B2), pyridoxine (B6), ascorbic acid (C), niacin (PP); macronutrients: phosphorus, sodium, magnesium, calcium and potassium; trace elements: zinc, selenium, copper, manganese, and iron.
Calories from leafs is 313 kcal per 100 g
Rich bay leaf essential oil, which gives it a particular flavor, organic acids (valeric, acetic, caproic), volatile, tannins, fatty acids.
Treatment bay leaf
Ancient doctors recommended the use laurel in medicine as a cure for various diseases. Thus, Hippocrates reviewed the bay leaf, as an excellent remedy for cramps and reduce pain associated with the birth vain attempts. Avicenna believed that the treatment bay leaf relieves joint pain, shortness of breath and reduces helps with nervous tension, and the bark and seeds of plants useful in urolithiasis, and cholecystitis.
Currently, the bay leaf used in folk medicine, not only, but also the official. It is known that treatment with bay leaf relieves swelling, increases appetite, suppresses the development of the tubercle bacillus, improves digestive processes, increases immunity, helps with diabetes and rheumatoid arthritis.
It has stimulant, diuretic, astringent, anti-fungal, anti-bacterial action. Therefore, in the absence of contraindications bay leaves used for the prevention and treatment of fever, stomatitis, cramps, amenorrhea, nervous disorders, and as a diaphoretic. In high doses, the emetic effect produces laurel.
From the flowers, fruits and leaves of an essential oil, which is an excellent insecticidal and disinfectant. They treat bruises, sprains and joint pains. Use it in the production of pharmaceuticals. Thus, the essential oil of laurel and comminuted fruits are part of some antiseptic soap and ointments.
It is believed that the treatment of cancer well help plants dried fruit.
Bay Leaf - contra
Contraindications to the bay leaf is:
- Diseases of heart, kidney and liver;
- Pregnancy and breast-feeding.