Red wine is made from red grapes.
Special production technology provides a transition of anthocyanins (the coloring substances in plants) in the wort, making the rich color of the beverage is passed from berries. The spice flavor and astringency of red wine tannins give that these wines are rich. It is proved that red wines are the source of certain amino acids and vitamins. In total there are more than 4,000 species of the drink.
Different varieties of wine require different exposure. The dry and semi-sweet table wine vintage should be kept for three years, while the strong and sweet fortified wine is kept for longer - up to 5 years.
Red wine require special storage conditions. The ideal option for a drink becomes cool and dry cellars where bottles of wine should be kept in a horizontal position. Compliance with such simple rules prevents drying stopper and prevents the penetration of air into the bottle. Otherwise, the probability of a good conversion of wine into vinegar.
Nutritional value, composition and caloric content of red wine
Red wine is rich in macro- and microelements. It is estimated that one glass of this drink contains:
- 190 g of potassium;
- 18 mg magnesium;
- 12 mg of calcium;
- 6 mg sodium;
- 0, 21 mg of zinc;
- 0, 017 mg of copper;
- 0, 3 mcg of selenium;
- 0, 69 mg of iron.
The content of alcohol in one glass is about 15, 9 g
Caloric content of red wine is about 85 kcal per 100 grams, and is one of the lowest among alcoholic beverages.
The benefits of red wine
On the healing properties of this noble beverage we have already said a few thousand years ago. In ancient Egypt, Mesopotamia and China subscribed to its patients as a drug. Hippocrates noted antiseptic, sedative and diuretic properties of red wine.
Despite the fact that the influence of the drink's health remains a topic of debate, the benefits of red wine when it is used in a reasonable dosage is undeniable.
Rich in vitamins and useful elements of the composition of the wine along with content in it of natural antioxidants - flavonoids - allows you to name the drink effective means for the prevention of cancer. Moreover, there are studies proving the benefit of red wine in the treatment of blood cancers and breast cancers. The fact that the use of a beverage simply destroys cancer cells.
Red wine contains natural phytoalexin - resveratrol, the effect of which diversity reception: firstly, this substance reduces the risk of cardiovascular disease and reduces the scope of the likelihood of recurrence of myocardial infarction; secondly, resveratrol, and this is proved by various studies, protects cells from the pathogenic effects of X-rays and the solar rays; Third, the substance dilutes the blood, preventing the agglutination of platelets and the resulting formation of blood clots.
The benefits of red wine for the prevention of atherosclerosis is due to its ability to rid the body of bad cholesterol so.
Red wine is recommended to take if significant blood loss, anemia, beriberi.
In the treatment of colds useful to receive a beverage prepared on the basis of red wine. To this end, 50 g of mulled wine diluted with mineral water in the same volume, then add black pepper, nutmeg, cinnamon and a spoonful of honey. You must take the medicine 3 times a day at least 3 days. In addition, warm red wine has proven in the treatment of tuberculosis, and cool useful in diarrhea due to the astringent properties of the drink.
When insomnia experts recommend eating 30 grams of sweet or semi-sweet red wine before going to bed. However, this procedure should not be permanent, because the probability of occurrence of addiction.
The damage of red wine
Only when the prescribed dosage can avoid the alleged harm red wine. Otherwise, a high probability of occurrence of undesirable effects. Thus, the regular and excessive consumption of a beverage at doses exceeding 50 g, can trigger the development of cancers of the mouth and throat, especially when accompanied by excessive consumption of wine smoking.
Individuals who are overweight are also better to abandon the drink, since red wine greatly increases the appetite.
In addition, damage to red wine is likely to bring to those who personally encountered the high acidity of the stomach, various diseases of the pancreas, liver, as well as people with duodenal ulcers and stomach.
The content of polyphenols in red wine can cause migraine attacks and the presence of sulfur dioxide - choking, making the drink is contraindicated in asthmatics.
Even in the absence of contraindications is considered to be the optimal dosage, not exceeding '50