Brief description of the disease
Before we talk about the vegetative-vascular dystonia (VVD), it is necessary to say a few words about the autonomic nervous system of a person. It performs several important functions, in particular, provides a complete work of all basic life-support systems. The vegetative part of the nervous system responsible for regulating heart rate, blood pressure, body temperature, monitors the activity of biochemical processes. At the slightest changes in external or internal conditions, the autonomic nervous system sets in motion control and compensatory mechanisms. That is why at the right time we breath quickens, change the tone of blood vessels, activates mental activity.
HDR syndrome, the symptoms of which are extremely diverse both in origin and in manifestations - is a group of disorders that disrupt normal functioning of the autonomic nervous system and making unwanted changes in the neurohumoral regulation of autonomic functions. These disorders are observed in the neuroses, physical inactivity, during puberty and in other situations of physical and mental fatigue. Generally, vegetative-vascular dystonia is not a threat to human life, but it has a significant impact on its performance, reduces resistance to emotional stress, leads to the development of secondary diseases and therefore requires timely, qualified treatment.
Reasons vegetative-vascular dystonia
All the factors that trigger the appearance of HDR? It can be divided into several main groups:
- psycho-emotional reasons - sleep disorders, mental overload, a strong nervous excitement;
- disorders of the spine - a hernia, osteochondrosis, functional blockade segments, muscular imbalances;
- intoxication of exogenous and endogenous nature;
- chronic diseases - the diagnosis VSD, symptoms often appear after the defeat of the cardiovascular, hepato-biliary and broncho-pulmonary systems;
- metabolic disorders - in particular, the water-salt balance and balance of trace elements;
- dysfunction of the endocrine system - pathology, age-related changes.
Types of ESP
Vegetovascular Deaton hypotonic type develops in people who have for a long period of time experiencing serious psycho-emotional disorders. This form of ESP is accompanied by sweating, a bluish tint of the skin, low blood pressure.
In contrast, hypotonic, vegetative-vascular dystonia (VVD) in hypertensive type leads to an increase in blood pressure. Thus, some patients showed an increase only the upper pressure while lower remained at normal levels. It is also interesting that this process often takes place at random, without any apparent reason. VSD on hypertonic type Poti always leads to the development of hypertension. Patients suffering from nervousness, breathlessness, lack of sleep and poor appetite. They often occur migraine pain, seizures, heart palpitations, impaired coordination. When listening to the heart sounds detected characteristic and arrhythmia. Typically, hypertension VVD, which often requires treatment to adolescents in puberty begins with hypotonic form, with time passing in hypertensive.
Vegetative-vascular dystonia (VVD) in the mixed type is much more complicated in terms of diagnosis, as in the development of this form, patients have symptoms and hypotonic and hypertonic VSD. Particularly dangerous VSD on the mixed type for pregnant women because it often causes gistoz and other functional disorders of the fetus.
Vegetative-vascular dystonia - symptoms and clinical picture
Manifestations of the IRR are very diverse and depend on the form of the disease, and those reasons that it was called. However, there are symptoms that are common to all types of ESP. Note that they can be shown not only together but isolated from each other. This nuance is necessary to take into account when setting the correct diagnosis. So, the main features of the IRR:
- cardiac symptoms - palpitations, pain in the chest area, frequent cardiac arrhythmia;
- respiratory symptoms - feeling of stuffiness in the chest, shortness of breath, sudden attacks of breathlessness;
- fluctuations in arterial and venous pressure;
- rise in body temperature, or conversely, lowering it to 35 degrees and below;
- disorders of the gastrointestinal tract, abdominal pain, nausea, vomiting;
- painful urination;
- sexual dysfunction;
- weakness, lethargy, fatigue, and low efficiency;
- restless sleep, flinching during a night of rest.
Vegetative-vascular dystonia - treatment and prevention of disease
For various types of VSD is not marred your life, you need to deal with their prevention, starting from childhood
. Many people believe that the vegetative-vascular dystonia - is an essential step in the process of growing human and that over time it will pass by itself
. Do not be deluded
. In the absence of adequate treatment for the syndrome IRR will accompany you for life, and it contributes for the emergence and development of dozens of other illnesses, including serious disorders of the autonomic nervous system, changes in the structure of the brain, mental and sexual dysfunctions, diseases of the endocrine glands
. That is why it is necessary to timely treatment to the doctor, and that is why the symptoms of VSD is a clear wake-up call for everyone
. When diagnosed with VSD, the treatment includes a wide range of activities, including non-drug methods, normalization lifestyle, spa treatment, psycho-physical training, physical therapy and physiotherapy
First of all, the patient must establish an optimal mode of work and rest. Required healthy, restful sleep of at least 8-9 hours. Vegetative-vascular dystonia is often caused by a chronic lack of sleep, so you should set up in the house all the necessary conditions for good rest. You should not sleep too hard or soft mattresses. A perfect choice - a special orthopedic bed that promotes the most natural, physiological body position during sleep.
When the diagnosis of vegetative-vascular dystonia Treatment involves the optimal alternation of mental and physical exertion. To get rid of fatigue should attend courses of psychological relief, Motivational. If possible, reduce to a minimum while watching TV and using the computer. If this is not possible, be sure to take breaks to rest your eyes.
Engage in sports. Best disciplines are: walking, skiing, swimming, water aerobics. Will be useful in the HDR and regular suburban hiking and tourism. You can engage in competitive sports, but do not get too carried away, because first of all you need to think about pleasure, not about winning and results. If you have found vegetative-vascular dystonia, at the time of discard classes at the gym, power gymnastics, body building and aerobics with high jumps, as such entertainment associated with significant stress on the cardiovascular system.
It is possible that the advanced forms of VSD patients need medication. It is only under the supervision of a physician and includes the use of calcium, vitamin-mineral complexes, nootropic drugs, cardiovascular drugs and antidepressants.