General characteristics of the disease
Uveitis - is an inflammatory process in the choroid. Depending on the site of inflammation are several types of uveitis.
Anterior uveitis develops in inflammation of the ciliary body and iris. This type of disease is also called iridocyclitis.
Peripheral uveitis affects not only the ciliary (ciliary it is), but the vitreous of the eye and retina and choroid - the posterior part of the choroid.
When horioditah or chorioretinitis, varieties posterior uveitis eye suffer choroid, retina and optic nerve.
Uveitis can be either acute or chronic. In the chronic stage of the disease becomes if the symptoms of uveitis patient continued 6 weeks or more.
Without timely treatment of uveitis may lead to an increment of the lens to the pupil, cataracts, secondary glaucoma, edema, or retinal detachment, vitreous opacities eyes.
Causes of uveitis Eye
The reasons for relapsing forms of uveitis are often allergic in nature. And with the inflammation of the anterior choroidal cause of uveitis is most often an allergen streptococcal etiology. And inflammation in the rear shell department usually cause toksoplazminom.
The cause of uveitis is an infection of tuberculosis etiology eyes Mycobacterium Mycobacterium tuberculosis. There are also a syphilitic uveitis, cytomegalovirus, gerpevticheskoy nature.
In children, the cause of uveitis often serve different kinds of injuries choroid. Among the possible causes of uveitis is also called systemic inflammatory processes in the body for rheumatoid arthritis, ankylosing spondylitis, sarcoidosis, Reiter's syndrome, etc.
Symptoms of uveitis Eye
Symptoms of uveitis vary depending on the type of disease. Typical symptoms of uveitis such as the front are:
- redness and soreness of the eyes,
- a significant reduction in visual acuity,
- chronic watery eyes,
- constriction of the pupil,
- increased intraocular pressure.
Among the characteristic symptoms of uveitis called peripheral type:
- symmetrical loss of both eyes,
- stains (flies) before my eyes,
- reduced visual acuity.
Symptoms of uveitis, posterior type occur quite late. For this species of inflammation of the choroid are not typical pain or redness. The most common posterior uveitis shown a gradual decline of view, distortion of objects and the formation of veil before the eyes.
Diagnosis of uveitis Eye
The diagnosis of uveitis are important medical history of the patient and of the immunological status. With ophthalmic examination specified localization of inflammation in the choroid.
The etiology of uveitis, the eye is specified by skin tests for allergens bacterial (streptococcus, staphylococcus or toksoplazminom). In the diagnosis of TB disease etiology decisive symptom of uveitis combined lesion of the conjunctiva becomes the eyes and the appearance of the skin of the patient-specific spots - fliktenov.
Systemic inflammatory processes in the body, as well as the presence of infection in the diagnosis of uveitis, the eye is supported by analyzes of blood serum of the patient.
Treatment of uveitis Eye
Driving uveitis treatment depends on the etiology and type of disease. However, any form of inflammation symptomatic treatment of uveitis involves preventing the destruction of the structure of vitreous and lens. For this purpose, patients were administered solution of atropine, scopolamine, adrenaline, etc.
The medical treatment of streptococcal etiology of uveitis used broad-spectrum antibiotics, corticosteroids and vitamin therapy. Extinction of the inflammatory process occurs in about 3-5 days of treatment of uveitis eyes.
When uveitis eye on the background of the therapy of toxoplasmosis and sulfadimezin hloridin. Treatment of uveitis form continues for at least 2 weeks of continuous monitoring of the kidney and the patient's blood.
Uveitis tuberculosis etiology docked with the help of treatment for TB. In severe cases with significant destruction vitreous sometimes require surgical treatment of uveitis.