Stomatitis - the defeat of the oral mucosa.
The name "stomatitis" comes from the Greek word "stoma", which translated means "mouth."
Stomatitis in some cases is independent lesions, and in some - a symptom of another disease. For example, in diseases such as chicken pox, adenoviral infection and in certain diseases of the mouth of blood loss should be regarded as a sign of underlying disease.
Stomatitis - not contagious, but herpes, which is a highly contagious illness, damage to the mucous membrane will be one of its symptoms.
Canker sores are often, especially in childhood. It must be differentiated from leukoplakia, which is characterized by local thickening and epidermidalization.
Types of Stomatitis
When struck by the whole oral mucosa, we speak of a stomatitis. But if the defect of the mucous only on some particular area, the lesion is called by its name. For example, if the ulcer is in the language - glossitis, lip - cheilitis, the sky - palatinit.
By origin stomatitis is a viral, bacterial, fungal, traumatic, allergic. According to the characteristic symptoms are divided into catarrhal stomatitis, aphthous and ulcerative.
Causes of Stomatitis
On the mechanisms and causes of stomatitis, there are many opinions, but to the end of a single scheme of origin (pathogenesis) remains unclear. It is known about the role of the immune system in the event of defeat. When the immune system encounters a local unknown alien substances, it can not identify them, it provokes an attack of white blood cells (immune defense cells) and mucosal lesion. When lowered immunity stomatitis regularly repeated.
Causes the appearance of stomatitis, factors such as a breach of oral microflora of constant composition, activation of opportunistic fungus Candida, diseases of the digestive tract - gastritis, colitis, worm infestation (they in the first place and trigger dysbiosis in the mouth).
Stomatitis in adults can be a symptom of general diseases of the body, such as cardiovascular problems or metabolic disorders.
Stomatitis accompanied burns, mechanical damage to the oral mucosa, dental problems (including, tartar is not appropriate sized prostheses).
Manifestations of the disease
Canker sores in adults and children is approximately the same picture, and the main thing in the formulation of this diagnosis is the patient's complaints, and changes in the appearance of the oral cavity.
Pain and discomfort - the very first and the unpleasant symptoms of stomatitis, they appear before the visible redness in the eye during or catarrhal ulcers and ulcerative AFL and aphthous stomatitis. Pain increases during meals, especially rough, too spicy, hot or acidic.
The oral mucosa becomes edematous, hyperemic. As a sign of stomatitis may appear whitish, yellowish or brownish patina, sometimes with unpleasant odor. This occurs due to the reduction of protective and cleaning properties of saliva. The surface of the gums becomes loose, easily vulnerable and bleeding. Increased salivation - hypersalivation.
Ulcerative stomatitis is more severe in children than in adults. Most often, they have a transition in the form of catarrhal ulcer, that is, if the treatment is not started in time stomatitis. In this case, the surface of the oral cavity can detect single or multiple defects of mucosal ulcers.
If the edges of the sores have somewhat raised, with a bright red border, and at the bottom of ulcers formed plaque and lesion size not greater lentil seed, such aphthous stomatitis called. Stomatitis in children may be accompanied by fever, intense local pain and impaired general health.
First of all, the treatment is necessary to eliminate an immediate stomatitis, the cause of it, if it is possible, of course (for example, tartar, teeth patients). The food can only eat a warm, gentle mechanical food to as little as possible to injure the inflamed mucosa.
The oral cavity is treated with antiseptics several times a day. As an antiseptic in the treatment of stomatitis can use water extracts of chamomile, calendula in the form of heat, 0, 05% aqueous solution of chlorhexidine or miramistina or methylene blue, pale pink solution of potassium permanganate.
Sores heal well, if they process the dilute solutions of 3% hydrogen peroxide. In viral stomatitis in children and adults can be applied topically interferon solution up to 4 - 6 times a day. When stomatitis as a specific process (in syphilis, tuberculosis) requires the appointment of etiotropic antibiotics.
When stomatitis in children it is important to eliminate the pain factor. So often they appoint more local anesthetics (eg, gels Kamistad, Kalgel, Holisal).