According to popular belief, if you take responsibility for the case of treatment of rhinitis (in common parlance - the common cold), you can get rid of it for a maximum of seven days. If you let things drift and patiently endure suffering without treatment, it will take a cold alone a week. Part of this conviction there is some truth, but in reality, runny runny nose - are different, and in this article, the reader has the opportunity to become acquainted with the disease rhinitis closer.
In short, rhinitis is an inflammatory swelling of the mucous membranes of the nose, caused by penetration of infection, hypothermia or exposure to allergic substances. More detailed characteristics of the disease: characteristics of treatment, causes and symptoms of rhinitis depends on the classification of species.
Types of Rhinitis
The integrated classification of rhinitis is represented by two major groups:
1. Infectious rhinitis
2. Vasomotor rhinitis (not caused by infection)
Infectious rhinitis divided into the following subtypes:
- Ozena (atrophic fetid rhinitis)
Vasomotor rhinitis is divided into:
- Allergic rhinitis
- Neurovegetative rhinitis
Causes of rhinitis
The main causes of acute rhinitis, is a result of penetration into the mucosa of the nasal passages of bacterial or viral infection. Also rhinitis is a frequent companion of serious infectious diseases, such as gonorrhea, measles, diphtheria, scarlet fever and influenza.
In most cases, chronic rhinitis is a continuation of not fully cured of acute rhinitis. In addition, chronic rhinitis can be triggered by constant exposure to adverse environmental factors (for example, people working in hazardous occupations) or violation of local blood circulation.
The nature of non-infectious vasomotor rhinitis are deviations from the normal functioning of the mechanisms of neuro-reflex reactions to external stimuli. Such stimuli may include: pungent smells, the impact of cold air and so on. N., Which ultimately leads to overly active response on the part of the nasal mucosa.
The occurrence of allergic rhinitis experts connect primarily with the individual characteristics of the nasal mucosa in some people. In particular, excessive sensitivity to various stimuli, ie. N. exogenous allergens. It also causes of allergic rhinitis include increased sensitization to viral and bacterial infections.
Symptoms of rhinitis
Rhinitis symptoms in the acute form by virtually every well known. This frequent sneezing, a burning sensation in the nasal passages, heavy discharge from the nose mucous character, acquiring mucopurulent views on further development of the disease.
Symptoms of chronic rhinitis manifested a significant reduction in olfactory function, redness and thickening of the nasal mucosa. Discharge from the nasal passages and mucous thick. In atrophic chronic rhinitis characteristic symptoms are dry and stuffy nose, formation of crusts on the mucous or purulent discharge.
The symptoms of vasomotor rhinitis manifested as paroxysmal sneezing, watery eyes followed, nasal nasal passages, profuse watery discharge.
When allergic rhinitis is marked hyperplasia of the nasal mucosa. Clinical symptoms depend on the particular allergen. Seasonal Allergic Rhinitis accompanied by nasal congestion, shortness of breath, constant itching in the nose, and copious.
Treatment of rhinitis
For the treatment of rhinitis in the acute form can do home remedies. A good effect in the initial stage of the disease enables the use of hot foot bath (temperature about 45 ° C). Feet is desirable to lower the water is not below the knee, and add the dry mustard. After the bath, it is recommended to take a cup of hot herbal tea (rosehip, blackcurrant, raspberry leaves, lime flowers, etc.). Then put on your feet dry, preferably wool socks and lie down, wrapped warmly in bed.
It is also well proven in the treatment of rhinitis in the acute stage of inhalation with essential oils. Excellent help relieve symptoms and cope with the disease of tea tree oil, eucalyptus, mint, lemon, lavender. If acute rhinitis is allergic in nature, to the use of essential oils should be treated with caution and to consult with your doctor.
Treatment of chronic rhinitis forms of infectious and vasomotor rhinitis have to be carried out under the supervision of the ENT specialists, and include the following comprehensive measures:
- Drug therapy;
- Methods aimed at the general strengthening of the body.