General characteristics of the disease
Pneumonia (in common parlance, the term "pneumonia") - is an acute disease of the respiratory system, which is characterized by extensive infection of the lung tissues. The bacteria (Haemophilus influenzae, streptococci, staphylococci), intracellular parasites (mycoplasma, chlamydia) and viruses (herpes, influenza, parainfluenza) - Here are the most active agents of, as a result of which there is pneumonia. Treatment of the disease is based on the elimination of the causes and consequences of harmful effects.
Pneumonia - Symptoms and types of diseases
Currently, doctors have identified a number of varieties of the disease. About them we describe below, and while we list common symptoms of pneumonia:
- persistent cough;
- colds that last more than 7 days, especially when the improvement should be a sharp deterioration of the patient;
- coughing when deep breath;
- temperature and runny nose, accompanied by pallor of the skin;
- shortness of breath;
- the absence of positive dynamics and reduce the temperature when taking acetaminophen (eferalgana, Panadol, Tylenol).
Data features enough to make an accurate diagnosis, but they are a good reason for going to the doctor, because pneumonia in adults and children accompanied by a number of serious complications, so it is better to prevent than to cure. We now consider the types of pneumonia.
Generally, the disease develops after hypothermia. This acute pneumonia, characterized by a rapid rise in temperature (up to 40-41 degrees), weakness and headache. Characterized as severe shortness of breath and discomfort in the chest, coughing, copious phlegm. Runny nose is not.
Lobar pneumonia lung is very dangerous. If time does not diagnose disease and prescribe adequate treatment, it leads to a lung abscess, heart disease, sepsis, and as a result, death. To avoid serious complications from pneumonia, you need time to apply to the specialized medical facility where doctors will conduct a patient radiography of the lungs and confirm or refute the presence of infection in the body.
It occurs against a background of bronchitis and other diseases of the respiratory tract. It develops less acute than lobar pneumonia. The temperature rises gradually, initially a weak cough, sputum almost there, so many people believe that the disease can be transferred without problems "on their feet." They understand their mistake when the focal pneumonia begins to develop. There is a strong, persistent cough, purulent sputum, and other serious consequences. If left untreated, patients may receive breakthrough abscesses or pus in the pleural cavity.
Diagnosis of pneumonia is carried out on the basis of clinical and radiological examination of the lungs, which makes it possible to identify seal lung tissue.
Symptoms depend on what it was caused by pathogens - Mycoplasma, Legionella and Chlamydia. Mycoplasma pneumonia in children and adults manifests as sore throat, runny nose, increase in cervical lymph nodes and headache. Chest tightness and phlegm for this form of the disease are uncommon. Legionella SARS is accompanied by a dry cough, chest pain, fever, diarrhea, slow pulse and renal disease. Following are the possible complications of pneumonia on the part of the cardiovascular system and the brain.
At the first suspicion of an atypical form of an urgent need to consult a doctor. If this is indeed pneumonia, treatment should be administered as soon as possible, because the percentage of mortality of patients with late diagnosis is 16 to 30%.
Treatment of pneumonia
To begin with I want to note that pneumonia is one of the most urgent problems of modern medicine. The disease is characterized by a lack of distinct characteristic features of complex flows, and serious complications. Suffice it to mention that often pneumonia, the symptoms of which are similar to SARS, is fatal. What is the reason? The fact that the body of people react differently to the actions of infectious agents, respectively, in some cases of pneumonia in adults and children is slow, and in others it immediately progresses, leading to collapse of vital systems.
Especially dangerous is acute pneumonia, which develops just within 3-4 days and leads to irreversible changes in the body. Treatment is based on the form of bed rest, proper nutrition, herbal medicine, physiotherapy, reception pathogenetic, and symptomatic etiotropic funds. Composition antibiotics chosen separately in each case, taking into account features of the patient. It is also very important time to start antibiotic therapy to acute pneumonia lungs did not have time to cause significant changes and no effect on the operation of the main systems.
Chronic pneumonia in adults requires medical treatment. Base course - antibiotics, which are taken intravenously, intramuscularly or by inhalation. The most commonly used oletetrin, cephaloridine and ampicillin. Also, the patient is prescribed sulfa drugs - or sulfadimetoksin sulfadimezin.
With regard to dietary habits. As soon as the first signs of pneumonia are felt, it is necessary to change the composition of food in favor of food rich in protein. This is due to the fact that when you cough with phlegm lost a lot of protein, and the body needs in its filling. Make sure also that the food contained vital vitamins B and C.
Pneumonia in adults and children can be cured not only by traditional medication, but using the recipes of traditional medicine. Especially effective in this case simple oats. To pneumonia proceeded with fewer complications, oats pour a glass of milk and simmer the mixture for 1 hour over low heat. The resulting broth is necessary to drain. Should take medicine 2-3 times a day after meals and at bedtime.
Pneumonia in Children
Currently, diagnosis of pneumonia detects the presence of the disease in 4-12 cases per 1,000 children tested. The disease can appear at every child between the ages of 1 month to 14 years. At the same time it has its pathogenetic, etiologic and therapeutic features.
The most commonly found in children SARS. Treatment of the disease is aimed at combating pnemokokkami and Haemophilus influenzae. It is these pathogens cause lung disease in infants, young children and adolescents. Provided timely treatment to the doctor the disease occurs without any complications. Otherwise pneumonia, the symptoms of which are similar to SARS and other infectious diseases of the upper respiratory tract, resulting in pleurisy, lung destruction and cardiopulmonary failure.
When going to the doctor? If a child has a fever combined with shortness of breath and rapid breathing (over 60 breaths per minute for children under one year and more than 40 breaths per minute for children over 1 year), most of all, this is pneumonia. Treatment should be urgent, so immediately go to the hospital, where the doctor will prescribe the necessary analyzes. Treat pneumonia in children alone is by no means impossible.
If the disease is mild, without apparent complications, it is quite possible treatment at home. Follow your doctor's recommendations, provide the child rest, take care of easily digestible and high-calorie diet (fruits, vegetables, juices, fruit drinks, fruit drinks).
In the case of children in the treatment should not be used from the group of antibiotics, tetracyclines and aminoglycosides, since they lead to disruption of bone growth and can cause deafness. The most gentle action the macrolide antibiotics (azithromycin, erythromycin), but in their case, the treatment process should be done under strict medical supervision.