At its core, Osgood-Schlatter disease is a necrosis of the cartilage and bone of the upper portion - osteochondropathy tuberosity - the tibia.
Osgood-Schlatter disease: symptoms, causes, diagnosis
In most cases, Osgood-Schlatter disease is developing quite slowly and affects only some one shin. Patients complain of symptoms of Osgood-Schlatter disease, such as swelling and tenderness at the site of attachment quadriceps tendon to the patella at the top of the tibia, worse walking, squatting and pressing. The disease is chronic with periods of exacerbation.
Osgood-Schlatter disease most often diagnosed in adolescents from nine to eighteen years, especially males. The reason for its occurrence is considered the damage caused by excessive exposure to the patellar tendon in place of its attachment to the tibial tubercle, and may be either a single direct impact, and regular microtrauma.
Risk are boys involved in traumatic sports - football, hockey, etc. This situation often occurs as a result of shortening of the patellar tendon, but according to global statistics, only five percent of all patients with Osgood-Schlatter disease is not involved in sports.
Intensive growth rate of adolescent regular muscle loads are transmitted through the tendon to the tibial tubercle, provoke its separation, as well as inflammation and degeneration of the tendon.
When X-ray art note deterioration (fragmentation) of this section of the tibia. For diagnostic purposes Osgood-Schlatter disease is also used ultrasound, radioisotope scanning, local densitometry and laboratory investigations, and in some situations - computer or magnetic resonance tomography.
Treatment of Osgood-Schlatter disease
Treatment of Osgood-Schlatter disease in the first place is to relieve pain using modern painkillers. Patients should ensure peace limbs, avoid unnecessary physical activities requiring knee flexion. Typically, the symptoms of Osgood-Schlatter disease are a few weeks later.
In the treatment of Osgood-Schlatter disease marked by efficiency electrophoresis with calcium and procaine, lidocaine, kokarboksilazu, aminophylline and ozokeritovyh, paraffin and mud baths, massage therapy, physical training and spa treatment.
In some cases, for the treatment of Osgood-Schlatter disease may require the imposition of the cast or the introduction of steroids directly into the area of inflammation. Surgical treatment of the disease is to remove free of bone fragments; It may also need to make a hole in it to accelerate healing or transplant. The rehabilitation period after surgery can range from a few months to one year.
Consequences of Osgood-Schlatter disease
Contrary to popular belief not Osgood-Schlatter disease goes away. Her treatment is a long process (several years), but with timely treatment and persistence favorable outcome for patients. Most patients recover from Osgood-Schlatter disease after completion of the growth process. In some cases, the recovery may remain bumps in knee-area. It is also one of the consequences of Osgood-Schlatter disease may be manifestations meteosensitivity.