Osgood Schlatter disease is a pathological change in the tibial tuberosity with the appearance caused by inflammation of the bone and cartilage structure.
Causes and symptoms
Basically, Osgood Schlatter disease occurs in boys during adolescence. The main reason for Osgood Schlatter disease is considered to be damage to the tendons of the knee, as well as heavy loads on top of the tibia.
The disease begins with pain and swelling, and then develop other symptoms of Osgood Schlatter disease, such as pain when walking, bumps and destruction of the tibia.
Disease prevention is to limit physical exertion during the growth and development of bone structure, especially in adolescent boys (10-16 years).
The most common causes Osgood Schlatter disease are classes in sports such as volleyball, football, basketball, martial arts, boxing, acrobatics, tennis, skating, skiing, etc.
In bone tissue as a result of the high physical loads begin pathological processes that can cause injuries, fractures, bruises and tendonitis. During the inflammatory changes are formed irregular bone accretion, impaired coordination, as well as the growth in the tibia.
If the disease is in its infancy, it is enough to stop the exercise to begin the recovery process of the bone.
In a serious development Osgood Schlatter disease requires special medical and rehabilitation therapy.
Diagnosis Osgood Schlatter disease
Diagnosis Osgood Schlatter disease is carried out by means of X-rays of joints and bones of the skeleton, ultrasound examination of the knee joint and the radioisotope scan.
On the X-ray appear abnormal bumps and proboscis bone, as well as it can determine the degree of fracture of the tibia and the stage of the inflammatory process.
Treatment for Osgood Schlatter disease
Treatment for Osgood Schlatter disease is carried out using anti-inflammatory, decongestants and painkillers drugs. Limb should be long at rest, it can be applied with ice packs.
Swelling and pain are over time, but for proper bone fusion is necessary to impose on foot bus plaster and later undergo therapeutic baths and quartz procedures.
In some cases, after Osgood Schlatter disease are lumpy growths on the bone and the pathological changes of the knee joint, then you need a course of physiotherapy. If necessary, the surgeon appoints an operation to remove pathological formations, and part of the bone with the subsequent introduction of the bone graft.
During treatment and recovery patient needs complete rest and administration of hydrocortisone, and the presence of complications of the disease can be carried out transplants of bone or breaching it in special holes to accelerate regeneration processes.
After the complete recovery of the patient require to limit or cancel physical education for several years.
Among the main treatments for Osgood Schlatter disease can be identified:
- physiotherapy, including electrophoresis with calcium, lidocaine and procaine, paraffin, mud;
- intensity of the shock-wave therapy;
- surgery for severe stages (fragmentation, fixation, transplantation).