Myxoma is a benign tumor of the character that has a jelly-like content and an irregular shape. Frequently
patients found myxoma.
Causes and symptoms of myxoma
Myxoma occurs in men and women at different ages, as well as often the disease occurs in families.
Myxoma usually grows inside its chambers and ventricles. In 80% of patients the tumor in the left atrium, and 20% - in the ventricle.
The main reasons are the myxoma pathological changes in the genome, genetic factors and genetic abnormalities. Medical studies have established a link between the appearance of tumors and heart injuries, operations on the mitral valve and dilatation.
Symptoms of the disease appear, in accordance with the size of the tumor and its localization. Myxoma effect on blood circulation and change hemodynamics.
In appearance myxoma represents a polyp formation with gelatinous content. This tumor is located in the atrial septum, and in sizes up to 12-15 cm.
Generally, atrial myxoma is located on the left side, which receives the blood from the lungs. The tumor can be located near the mitral valve and prevent the flow of blood from the atrium into the ventricle. Periodically, the myxoma opens and closes the valve hole, impairing blood flow.
Symptoms of the disease may be pulmonary edema, shortness of breath, a feeling of heaviness and pain in the heart. If damaged mitral valve atrial myxoma heart starts to create a noise that is heard through a stethoscope well.
Often, the disease can trigger rheumatic heart disease and the tumor itself promotes the appearance of blood clots and blockage of blood vessels.
At constant progression myxoma causing fever, weight loss, nausea, dizziness, vomiting, sore fingers and toes, anemia, pain in muscles and joints, skin rash, tachycardia and difficulty breathing.
Diagnosis of the disease
Mixes can be found listening to a heart murmur through a stethoscope. To determine tumor heart must
conduct diagnostic tests, such as magnetic resonance imaging and ultrasound, as well as to study tissue samples.
Atrial myxoma creates a mechanical obstruction to the blood flow and affects the pulmonary circulation.
Ultrasound examination will help determine the size, location and type of tumor.
Treatment begins with myxoma conservative therapy and preoperative preparation. In most cases, it requires surgical intervention.
Surgical treatment is the myxoma excision and purification of the area of its attachment.
After removal of the myxoma recurrence of the disease are very rare. Medical studies have shown that relapses in patients with the hereditary form of Myxoma occur in 1-1, 5%, and in patients with genetic anomalies and changes in the genome of 10-12% of cases.
Within 3-6 months after surgery, the patient is prescribed a regular diagnostic tests to rule out a recurrence of the disease.
During surgery, the tumor was removed and 5% of the tissue around it, covering the biological defects that formed a tumor in the heart.
During surgery, the surgeon performs the plastic walls of the heart and restore normal state of the area where the tumor was located. After surgery, the patient is undergoing a period of rehabilitation for 2-3 months.