In common parlance is called leukemia, anemia, leukemia, or blood cancer. In fact, this statement is not quite true, because formidable diagnosis of blood cancer experts called hematological malignancies - multifactor group of malignant diseases of the hematopoietic system of the body, which include leukemia and concerns. Patients with leukemia in humans for various reasons takes a pathological and the rapid growth of the "wrong" cells in the bone marrow, which is responsible for the vital process of blood formation in the body.
The result is a rapidly progressive disruption of the normal functioning of all organs and systems. Without early, comprehensive treatment of leukemia, usually fatal, sometimes - for a few weeks. Cases of self-healing with the malignant diseases are extremely rare, so the treatment of leukemia should begin immediately after the establishment of an accurate diagnosis.
Causes of leukemia
Modern medicine has to date not been elucidated thoroughly all of the many factors that trigger leukemia. Causes of leukemia are divided into four main groups.
The first group includes the causes of leukemia hereditary. Scientists now definitely established that the presence of leukemia in any of the lines (blood) relatives, certainly will be felt even after several generations. This hereditary factor experts call the most likely and common cause of leukemia in children.
The second, equally large group causes leukemia - migrated ever infectious and viral diseases. Viral invasion of healthy cells causing them irreversible mutation and the pathological degeneration, which ultimately threatens the appearance of malignant tumors.
To the next group of causes of leukemia include the impact leykozogennyh and chemical factors. With regard leykozogenov, this, in simple language, the consequence of medication, who are appointed in various diseases. Among them, first, all relate cephalosporin drugs and penicillin antibiotics. To chemical pathogens include prolonged exposure in contact with detergents, different floor coatings based on polymeric compounds, etc.
The fourth group of causes of leukemia - radiation exposure. Exposure to radionuclides is several times increases the risk of leukemia, the probability of occurrence of the disease is possible with any dose of radiation received.
Types of leukemia
There is a fairly long list of types of leukemia, available exclusively specialist understanding of oncologists. The division on the types of leukemia comes from the place where the blood cells have undergone a mutation turned hostile to the human body "aggressors" and provoked the growth of cancer.
As an example, one of a plurality of types of leukemia, can cause myeloid leukemia, which interferes with the normal process of granulocytic leukocytes.
There is also a division of leukemia in the chronic and acute. In acute leukemia, the disease developing uncontrollable and very rapid growth of immature blood cells. Acute leukemias are extremely dangerous and very likely are fatal, because the disease is very fast.
In chronic leukemia progresses more mature cell growth, and the rapid growth of the centers are situated in vital organs - the liver, spleen, lymph nodes.
The symptoms of leukemia
Careful attention to the early symptoms of leukemia is extremely important these days. The steadily growing number of cases of leukemia in children, even very young age and begun treatment untimely death in this age group is inevitable.
In the initial stages the symptoms of leukemia in children and adults can be easily confused with other diseases.
Often high fever, can be seen sweating, shortness of breath, heart palpitations. In acute leukemia, the symptoms are more pronounced, perhaps also a significant increase in the size of lymph nodes and sore.
For proper evaluation of the patient and the appointment of necessary treatment of leukemia thorough medical examination carried out by medical oncologists. The reasons for the final diagnosis data are biochemical and general blood tests. Appointed by the procedure for the investigation of bone marrow cells - biopsy, sternal puncture.
Tactics of treatment and choice of drugs is carried out in accordance with a form of leukemia diagnosed under constant review and supervision of experts. Complete healing of the disease to date is virtually impossible, and the treatment of leukemia should be a matter of the entire remaining life.
In the case of acute leukemia treatment includes a range of large doses of glucocorticoid hormones and anticancer drugs. If you have joined a secondary infection, patients with leukemia designate the appropriate anti-inflammatory therapy and transfusion of blood components.
To support the treatment of chronic leukemia are administered in essentially the drugs whose action is to suppress the growth of malignant neoplasms. Accompanying measures to support the body - the introduction of radioactive phosphorus and radiotherapy.