Status low motor activity of man, accompanied by amplitude limitation, volume and tempo of the movement called hypokinesia. Development of the disease is possible against the background of mental and neurological disorders, including Parkinson's and similar extrapyramidal syndromes, as well as catatonic, depressed and apathetic stupor.
Sedentary life or low work activity directly affect the development of the disease. The consequence of work related to the uniformity of movement, low-cost muscle work, lack of movement or local character of muscle activity in which a person is forced to stay a long time in a fixed posture is often not only hypokinesia, and physical inactivity.
The disease can also occur on the background of intensive labor activities associated with repetitive work certain muscle groups (cashiers, programmers, accountants, operators, etc.).
To determine the degree of hypokinesia in medical practice to take into account the energy of the patient is calculated by determining the amount of energy that has been expended on muscle activity in a short period of time. The extent of the disease may be different - from minor restrictions to the full exercise of its termination.
Hypokinesia and its consequences
Hypokinesia has a negative effect on the functional activity of internal organs and systems of the body, the patient is reduced resistance to adverse environmental factors, power rates are falling and endurance.
Hypokinesia consequence is the deterioration of human health, the violation of the cardiovascular system of the patient's heart rate drops, reduced ventilation, there are changes in the vascular system, leading to a stagnation of blood in the capillaries and small veins. As a result of these processes occurs swelling of body parts, is formed stagnation in the liver and decreases the absorption of substances in the gut.
Hypokinesia and its consequences have a negative impact on the work of the joints - they lose their mobility due to reducing the amount of joint fluid.
Physical inactivity and hypokinesia lead to the following negative consequences of the various systems of the body:
- Decreased performance and functional state of the body;
- Atrophy, weight loss and muscle volume, deterioration of contractile ability and blood supply, replacement of muscle tissue body fat, as well as to the loss of the protein;
- Weakened tendon and ligaments, violation of posture and development of flat feet;
- Loss on hypokinesia intercentral relationships in the CNS, change emotional and mental health, poor functioning of the sensory systems;
- Of hypotension, which significantly reduces the physical and mental capacity of man;
- Lowering the maximum pulmonary ventilation, vital capacity, depth and volume of respiration;
- Atrophy of the heart muscle, poor nutrition and myocardial blood flow from the lower extremities to the heart and reducing its volume and increasing blood circulation time.
According to statistics, hypokinesia suffer almost 50% of men and 75% women, and residents of the northern countries, these figures are higher than in other regions.
Regardless of the state of health, absolutely all people to lead a normal lifestyle is recommended to observe the principles of proper nutrition and regular exercise.
For the prevention of inactivity and hypokinesia people working activities are not linked to physical work, it is recommended to perform daily exercises, exercise walking, jogging, swimming, cycling, etc. In between the work necessary to carry out a light workout, it is important to improve the workplace, buy-back chair with the seating, with sedentary work frequently change posture.
It is important to make it a rule not to use the elevator and public transport, if you need to drive a short distance, even such insignificant at first glance, the load will improve the physical condition of the person.
With a low degree of hypokinesia person will need only increase the level of physical activity - regularly engage in any sport. In more severe cases, when hypomotility is a consequence of another disease, it is necessary to eliminate the reasons for the appearance of it.
In some cases, treatment may only hypokinesia combined exercise with drug therapy. Often prescribe medications that work at the level of neurotransmitters that improve neuromuscular conduction and control muscle tone.
At an early stage of hypokinesia, particularly in patients with Parkinson's disease may designate dopaminergic drugs, the effect of which is ineffective at increasing their consumption.
Hypokinesia called low physical activity, which may be associated with the conduct of a passive lifestyle and sedentary work, or there against other diseases, including depression. Hypokinesia and its consequences have a negative impact on human health in general, pose a threat to conduct their normal way of life, as well as affect the psychological state of the patient.
Prevention of the disease includes both respect for the person of the principles of healthy eating and regular performance of aerobic and strength exercise. Treatment hypomotility is a combined therapy including a gradual increase in the patient's physical activity (exercise), and assigning a number of drugs, depending on the degree of disease.