Hiccups - a violation of respiratory function, arising from a series of spasmodic contractions of the diaphragm, which manifests itself in short intense spontaneous respiratory movements. Sudden jerky contractions of the diaphragm leads to a sudden change in the volume of the chest, lungs filled with the resulting volume, stretching and provoking convulsive breath. The sudden movement of air in the laryngeal mucosa irritating nerve endings and reflex closes the glottis. It looks like a hiccup repetitive short and intense respiratory movements, reminiscent of convulsive sobs.
Hiccups very unpleasant for human phenomenon, causing severe discomfort, unpredictable and spontaneous, may often occur at the most inopportune moment.
Hiccups episodic or short occurs suddenly, lasts 10-15 minutes and just as suddenly stops. Such inconvenience is not worth special attention.
Hiccups lasting there every day for several weeks or longer, can last for hours or even days.
Causes of short-term hiccups may be called external, they can be caused by excessive overeating or hunger, thirst, eating dry food (biscuits, bread), alcohol abuse, extreme temperature changes, strong emotion or stress.
Causes of hiccups long - internal. Rather, it is a consequence of various serious health problems such as liver disease, pancreas, gall bladder, diseases of the digestive system or the central nervous system, diabetes, vasoconstriction, infection, parasitic diseases (helminthiasis, giardiasis).
Hiccups in newborns
Hiccups in newborns frequent phenomenon, extreme excitability is due to the mechanisms that regulate the contractile function of the diaphragm in the first months of life. Newborn baby adapt to independent life outside the body of the mother, and all of its systems and organs are learning to work. The main causes of hiccups in newborns following:
- Excessive gastric distension got into it while feeding air;
- Excessive stretching of the stomach with food, as a consequence of over-feeding the child;
- Strong fear, anxiety, agitation;
- Malnutrition of the mother if the child is breastfed.
Eliminate the causes of hiccups in newborns is not difficult. If the room is cold - wrap the baby, take him in his arms, warm with its warmth. If hiccups started during or after feeding, diarrhea toddler vertical head up, stroking his back or tummy. Come from the stomach excess air, and the hiccups stop. Hiccups in newborns - a normal physiological process, as soon as the child gets older, hiccups pass.
If hiccups in newborns regular and prolonged, should see a doctor because it may indicate the presence of serious illness in a child.
Hiccups in the child
Hiccups in a child is often the case, as they mature, he hiccuping, begins to feel discomfort and anxiety. Hiccups in the child can begin, if it:
- Eating dry foods (crackers, cookies, bagels) are not drinking;
- Overeaten, and your stomach is unable to cope with the volume of food;
- Just want to drink;
If the hiccups the child is rare and lasts less than an hour, there is no reason to worry. In the case of a regular continuous hiccups child should immediately see a doctor. One of the most common causes of hiccups, a child may be the presence of his worms.
How to get rid of hiccups
The question of how to get rid of hiccups, as relevant, the finder that the only true answer to it is guaranteed by the universal recognition. Unfortunately, this remedy for hiccups is not yet invented. Ideally hiccups should stop after 5-15 minutes after the start, as involuntarily. If not, and you want to immediately stop the hiccups, try the following recommendations below.
When hiccups cause breathing problems, it must be restored, returned to normal mode to get rid of hiccups. To do this, there are a number of special exercises, of which you have to choose the most suitable:
- Make the most deep breath, exhale the air in small portions, to every breath briefly holding the breath;
- Take a paper bag, holding the edge of his hands firmly pressed it to his face, inhale and exhale as much as possible and more intense, preventing the penetration of air into the package;
- In small sips, without interruption, drink a glass of water.
How to get rid of hiccups caused by problems with the digestive system:
- Eat something sweet, for example, a spoonful of honey or sugar;
- Eat something acidic, such as a slice of lemon or lime juice to drink diluted with water;
- Drink ice water or just sucked a piece of ice.
In a situation where none of the above remedies for hiccups does not help if it is associated with a disorder of the digestive system, these drugs are recommended: Reglan, atropine, motilium, scopolamine. Pipolfen or haloperidol relieve spasms and irritation of the diaphragm is stopped, restoring the normal functioning of the central nervous system. Use the medication as a means of hiccups can be only on the advice of the attending physician.
If the hiccups do not stop within a few hours and sometimes several times during the day, you need to find out the cause of its occurrence. To do this, go to the hospital to be examined and get advice from specialists. Often this hiccup is a symptom of a serious disease.