Faringotraheit is an inflammatory disease of the trachea and throat caused by staphylococcal or pneumococcal
bacteria, viruses and fungi.
Causes and symptoms faringotraheita
Faringotraheit complex disease is the presence of inflammation in the oral cavity, throat and trachea. The disease is a combination of pharyngitis and tracheitis.
The reasons are faringotraheita infections, air pollution, smoking, cold liquid and the presence of certain foci of inflammation, including the patients teeth, otitis and rhinitis.
In adult patients often causes faringotraheita are toxic substances and complications of viral diseases.
Faringotraheita Symptoms include:
- pain, burning and sore throat;
- pain on swallowing, sensation of a lump in the throat;
- inflammation of the lymph nodes;
- high body temperature of 38 ° C or higher;
- dry and heavy coughing.
Faringotraheita severe symptoms during the inspection of the throat and pharynx walls are redness, inflammation of the mucous membrane and enlarged tonsils.
If faringotraheit combined with other viral diseases, the symptoms are complemented rhinitis, bronchitis, intoxication, muscle pain, weakness and skin rash.
In otolaryngology faringotraheita are two types - acute and chronic. Acute faringotraheit accompanied by high fever, severe bouts of dry cough and wheezing in the trachea.
Chronic faringotraheit has a weak symptoms, which manifests itself in the form of squeezing in the chest, hoarseness and redness of the walls of the larynx.
Progressive faringotraheit leads to acute inflammation of the tissues of the larynx and trachea, the appearance of crusts and the swelling of the throat. The disease can cause severe disturbances in the lymphatic system.
Faringotraheit actively manifests itself at night in the form of a strong cough with heavy expectoration.
In children, inflammation of the pharynx and trachea arises against respiratory disease caused by a dull painful cough and chest pain. If you do not stop the progression of faringotraheita, can develop bronchitis, asthma and pneumonia.
there is respiratory failure and weakening of the immune system, and frequent coughing can trigger swelling and muscle spasms.
Diagnosis of the disease
Faringotraheit diagnosed therapist and audiologist after inspection and pharyngoscope. If necessary, designate additional diagnostic procedures, including infection and smear on ultrasound.
The disease from other inflammatory processes in the respiratory system (tracheitis, tonsillitis, pharyngitis, etc.) can distinguish only a professional medical specialist.
Treatment begins with faringotraheita receiving immunomodulatory drugs, which are aimed at addressing the causes of disease and restoration of normal immune status.
To eliminate bacteria and fungal infections in the respiratory system prescribed antibiotics general and local action, and for the treatment of viral type faringotraheita appoint effective antiviral drugs.
Toxic type of disease should begin to treat with smoking cessation and avoidance of sources of harmful toxic effects.
As a means of antibiotic therapy prescribed inhalation warming throat sprays and herbal teas. Inhalation and allow warming act directly on the sites of inflammation, and eliminate them.
Treatment faringotraheita in the acute stage is to receive expectorant drugs, antihistamines and antibiotics.
The composition of adjunctive therapy should include warming compresses, foot baths, rinse herbs and teas with chamomile, licorice and sage.