Derealization is a mental disorder, is in violation of the perception of the surrounding world and events in it. The disorder is accompanied by exclusion from social protection, sensation
unreality and remoteness of society.
Causes and symptoms of derealization
Derealization syndrome is accompanied by a distorted perception of reality, depression and misjudgment of the surrounding space. Patients self-preserved and adequate behavior.
This disorder is a psychotic and neurotic character, and is often associated with depression, nervousness and anxiety.
At the heart of most of the causes of derealization is deprivation and its consequences. As a result, a distorted perception of reality becomes indistinct, slow, alien and strange. All events and phenomena treated patients through the film and fog, and sometimes perceived as decorations.
The main reasons for derealization are:
- prolonged suppression of their own desires and the impossibility of self-realization in the society;
- severe stress, chronic fatigue and exhaustion;
- Reception of narcotic and psychotropic drugs;
- traumatic situations of psychological and physical nature - an accident, the loss of a loved one, panic attacks, etc.
Derealization syndrome often similar to depersonalization, but has symptoms of a different nature and expression. The main symptoms of derealization associated with mental changes, loss of orientation in space and time, alienation from the social environment and social gap svyazey.K derealization can result in prolonged depression and anguish, isolation and refusal to communicate with people.
In psychiatry and neurology are the following symptoms derealization:
- distortion in the perception of the surrounding world;
- distortion in the perception of touch and sound;
- the lack of color perception;
- slowing or complete stop time;
- lack of perception of their actions in the community, a sense of observation of oneself and others from the outside.
Diagnosis of the disease
Derealization syndrome diagnosed psychiatrist and neurologist in the presence of psychopathology. Derealization proceeds without imaginary perceptions, illusions and hallucinations, psychic automatism.
To diagnose the disease the patient should be examined by a neurologist and psychiatrist, that to determine the exact diagnosis using a scale Nuller.
prescribe blood and urine tests, ultrasound and MRI of the brain.
If derealization is not temporary protective mechanism psyche, its treatment should be dealt with neurologists, psychotherapists and psychologists. Derealization syndrome to be treated in conjunction with major mental illness, and in accordance with the condition of the patient.
The initial stage of treatment derealization is to establish the causes of diseases and their elimination.
By type derealization selected drugs and medicines. The structure of drug therapy includes the following products:
- tranquilizers (Phenazepam, elenium, tazepam, etc.);
- type selective antidepressants (venlafaxine, gabapentin, etc.);
- vitamins and multivitamin.
The main feature is the selection of treatment derealization individual therapy, which will affect the totality of the pathogenetic aspects of this disease. Treatment is prescribed in view of psychological personality type of the patient's autonomic nervous system neurotransmitter and status system.
Modern therapy aimed at eliminating symptoms of derealization, consist of psychological modulation techniques, psychotherapeutic methods of recovery, hypnosis, programs synchronization modulation and sensory stimulation, cognitive techniques, and color therapy.
Effective treatment of derealization is the appointment of a special autopsihoterapii, improving the living conditions of the patient, normalization of sleep, rest and nutrition. Patients need regular exercise, contrast shower, massage, swimming and relaxation treatments.