Congestive heart failure
Brief description of the disease
Chronic heart failure - a disease associated with a lack of oxygen and nutrients that the body is supplied in the course of the cardiovascular system. A healthy heart can easily cope with this challenge, regulating blood flow, depending on the intensity of physical activity. But if the heart there is any problem, the organs and tissues are not receive the necessary amount of oxygen, which in turn leads to a variety of complications and even death. Intrigue of the disease lies in the fact that the diagnosis of chronic heart failure a person can live life, not realizing that his body is undergoing serious changes.
The most common cause of chronic heart failure is a narrowing of the arteries. As a rule, it is typical for the elderly, but in recent years, the disease is often diagnosed in relatively young people. It should also be noted that various vascular diseases are more common in women than in men. This is due to the rapid development of disease in half of mankind, which often leads to death before vasoconstriction progresses to heart failure.
Among other factors influencing the development of the pathology and appearance should be noted:
- alcohol and drug abuse;
- hormonal disorders;
- changing the structure of the heart valves;
- infectious inflammation of the heart muscle.
Chronic heart failure - Classification of Diseases
Depending on the effects that occur at different stages of the disease, doctors are the following types of heart failure:
- Class 1 - disease does not result in a significant limitation of physical activity and does not reduce the quality of life;
- Grade 2 - Chronic heart failure hardly felt during rest and lead to the installation of weak restrictions on sports and physical activities;
- Grade 3 - the symptoms disappear during the holidays, but during periods of intense stress they are manifested very vividly, which significantly reduces the normal operation;
- Grade 4 - if a person diagnosed with this chronic heart failure, treatment should be administered immediately, as otherwise the disease can lead to complete loss of working capacity, and severe pain, manifesting itself even during the holidays.
Chronic heart failure - symptoms and clinical picture
In heart failure disrupted the normal, natural circulation. As a result, the excess fluid from the blood accumulates in various organs, most often in the calves, thighs, feet, liver and stomach of man. This slows down the rate of blood flow, increasing the pressure in the chambers of the heart and reducing the total amount of blood that our "motor" rolls into the circulatory system.
Under the influence of fluid accumulation in different parts of the body, the patient begins to function properly. People have observed:
- respiratory disorders - due to the fact that chronic heart failure prevents the spread of oxygen to tissues and organs. Typically, asthma attacks occur at night;
- sleep disorders - are the result of respiratory disorders;
- rapid weight gain due to soft tissue swelling;
- the occurrence of ascites - a dangerous condition when fluid accumulates in the abdominal cavity;
- decreased performance and fatigue;
- irritability, emotional stress and exposure to stress.
Lack of blood supply affects absolutely all the vital systems of the body, leading to serious complications and death. For this reason, chronic heart failure, the classification of which is shown above in the text, is the object of attention of researchers from around the world. They study the impact of disease on the soft tissues and organs, looking for ways to solve problems, develop new drugs and diagnostic methods.
Chronic heart failure - treatment of the disease
As is the case with other diseases of the cardiovascular system, the best treatment of heart failure remains prevention of disease. It includes a healthy lifestyle, diet, exercise, and timely visits to the cardiologist for the early diagnosis of hypertension or atherosclerosis.
With regard to drug therapy. When the diagnosis of chronic heart failure, the treatment involves the reception of groups of drugs, such as: cardiac glycosides, diuretics, beta-blockers and calcium channel blockers. The most effective and frequently used means are cardiac glycosides. They were discovered in the early 18th century, but have not lost their relevance today. This group of drugs increases the heart rate, improve metabolism and normal operation of the circulatory system.
If chronic heart failure is caused by disorders of the heart valves, the patient, surgical intervention, consisting of a heart transplant.