General information about the disease
Pityriasis versicolor (used another name for the disease - "multi-colored shingles") - an infectious fungal disease, which is caused by fungi of the genus
. The largest number of cases detected in countries with hot climates, but the infectious agents feel good in Russia. Peak disease pityriasis versicolor in the summer months, when creating the optimum conditions for the reproduction of the fungus. Despite the fact that the infection is not life threatening and does not lead to disability, to do its treatment is still necessary. The fact that multi-colored pityriasis versicolor tends to recur, and its symptoms significantly reduce quality of life.
The symptoms of tinea versicolor
The main symptoms of tinea versicolor are small patches of irregular shapes that occur on the chest, back, shoulders and scalp. Usually they have a yellow-pink to dark brown in color and characterized by a small peeling. If the diagnosis chromophytosis no treatment or were insufficient, the spots begin to grow in size and eventually merge into larger pockets. Affected skin look very unattractive from an aesthetic point of view and cause a significant psychological damage. This colorful pityriasis versicolor may develop within a few years, capturing all the new areas of the skin ..
Causes pityriasis versicolor
The fungus can be present even in the skin of a healthy person, but for the time being, it does not manifest itself. Chromophytosis begins to develop under the influence of provoking factors, among which are:
- endocrine pathology;
- weakened immunity;
- excessive sweating;
- stressful situations;
- prolonged exposure to the sun;
- frequent use of antibacterial gels;
- unsupervised use of tanning beds.
In fact, the treatment of tinea versicolor in humans is required after the occurrence of any situations that have had a negative impact on the skin. Especially unpleasant if they occurred in the summer months because the heat fungus develops very rapidly and is activated at the slightest influence of external stimuli.
Ways of infection in the body
Until recently it was thought that catch chromophytosis from a sick person is very difficult, however, recent studies in this area contradict earlier findings of scientists. Today, dermatologists are inclined to believe that chromophytosis may not appear until after personal contact with an infected, but when sharing household items (sheets, towels, washcloths, clothing). So pick up the fungus is quite possible even in a clothing store fitting room. The first symptoms of tinea versicolor occur in a period of several weeks to several months. The duration of the incubation period depends on the state of human health and the presence of precipitating factors, which we have already mentioned just above.
Diagnosis of the disease
Accurate diagnosis of tinea versicolor is carried out on the basis of visual inspection and collected history. Identify pityriasis pityriasis versicolor helps iodine sample Balser, after which the skin lesions are dark brown. In addition, doctors often use a special lamp Wood. In the light of its places where fungi produce a yellowish glow.
Treatment of tinea versicolor
In recent years, several effective methods of treatment of tinea versicolor. However, many patients continue to occur frequently relapses. This is due to insufficient sanitization of items and household items. Reaches curiosities: fully recovered a man returns to a normal life after treatment and, forgetting about precautions enjoys his old towel. Of course, he was again diagnosed with pityriasis versicolor (the causes of many of these cases are connected with the lack of preventive measures and the lack of sanitation items).
With specific regard to the course of therapy, the success of the treatment of tinea versicolor depends entirely on an integrated approach. In the fight against the fungus used:
- anti-fungal ointment;
- special shampoos;
- wiping the skin with a weak solution of salicylic alcohol;
- regular dousing with acidified water;
- hardening of the body.
In the treatment of tinea versicolor drugs should not be chosen at random, but only after consulting with an experienced dermatologist. Generally used: flaky and fungicidal agents yodosalitsilovy 2-3% alcohol, 3-5% alcoholic solution of iodine, sulfur-salicylic ointment (used in the wide spread of the fungus). Good results show imidazole derivatives (travogen, clotrimazole, mikospor) allylamines (terbinafine) and ultraviolet irradiation. We note again that the treatment of tinea versicolor in humans long enough and requires a comprehensive approach. For this reason, you must immediately abandon the idea to recover using only folk remedies and consult a doctor, who will advise the most efficient, effective exchange rate.