Catalepsy, or so-called waxy flexibility, characterized by reduced sensitivity to external and internal stimuli and the ability of a person to keep for a long time any position, which he gave, not applying for this absolutely no effort.
Catalepsy may occur in some psychiatric disorders (schizophrenia, hysteria, etc.), As well as during hypnotic sleep.
Features and symptoms of catalepsy
The main symptoms of catalepsy are:
- The hardness in the muscles;
- Reduced sensitivity to pain and heat;
- The lack of ability to move limbs or move.
Interestingly, in this state, a person sees and hears everything, but figures his pulse, breathing and other functions greatly reduced. Duration of catalepsy is from one minute to several days, sometimes it may seem that the patient is dead. In some cases, the disorder persists for a long time - weeks, and sometimes months.
Development cataleptic stupor often occurs gradually numbness spreads from the upper limbs and neck muscles to the lower torso and legs. Out of state of catalepsy is the opposite direction.
During stupor, which is accompanied by the phenomena of negativism and resistance in the patient's attempts to change the status quo, not detectable pathological numbness. Also, when there are no symptoms of catalepsy stupor with astonishment muscles.
Causes of catalepsy
At present, there are two theories that differ significantly from each other, which shed light on the origin of this condition. They are called - neurological and psychological reasons.
According to the first point of view, the emergence and development of catalepsy associated with the formation of the brain. According to the second theory of the phenomenon is purely psychological explanation. Thus, it is believed that the appearance of the symptoms of catalepsy caused by heightened suggestibility.
The emergence of a pathological condition may be preceded by the excitement and hysterical fits. The disappearance of the attack is accompanied by a storm of emotional displays.
The sudden hysterical stupor pose patient records, in whatever position he may be at the moment. For example, there are cases where the patient freezes during a conversation with the doctor. The attack of the disease catches up with the man who just spoke, and his speech was accompanied by active gestures. This appears waxy flexibility allows us to give the patient any other position. Sometimes muscle tension is so great that two people easily pick up the patient, holding it only by the neck and heels.
In the treatment of catalepsy is taken into account the nature of the disease and the characteristics of its flow. It is worth noting that the state of hysterical stupor similar movement disorders that occur when some organic brain lesions. For example, this situation occurs if a person suffers from Parkinson's caused by epidemic encephalitis. In this case, symptoms accompanied disorders, which are typical of Parkinson's disease.
For the treatment of catalepsy used interactive imagogika. It is working with the internal forces of the body, called in psychotherapy imago-way. With this method the patient can see his own sick body. After that, based on the received picture to create a positive image, which has a healing impact.
In most cases, catalepsy is a process that inhibits volitional movement and relates to certain stimuli. The disease can be an indicator of hypnosis, arising under the influence of a formal induction or spontaneously.
Often hypnosis is a suggestion, as it has therapeutic targets that are linked directly to the treatment. In a targeted reaction catalepsy used when required to limit the patient's ability to move, for example, for more rapid recovery of his health. Furthermore, it underlies attracting attention patient presenting thereby an inductor.
Treatment catalepsy necessary to carry out in specialized centers of psychological and exclusively with the assistance of experienced professionals.