Brief description of the disease
Under cardiac arrhythmia means a series of cardiac arrhythmias. These disorders have different causes, mechanisms of development, clinical manifestations and projections. Therefore, the diagnosis of heart arrhythmia, treatment is given only after a comprehensive examination of the patient, determining the nature of the disease and its clinical development.
Typically, cardiac arrhythmia is detected after the destruction of the organic body (defects, abnormalities, myocardial infarction), but there are cases when the disease is caused by disorders of the nervous system, intoxication or changes water and salt balance in the body. Note also that cardiac arrhythmias may occur and is quite healthy people under the influence of cold, physical exhaustion or, say, alcohol.
Another important point: many arrhythmias (atrial beats) might not be felt by man and does not lead to any serious consequences. In this case, doctors say extracardiac pathology and take measures to search for the underlying disease. On the other hand, cardiac arrhythmia, which are caused by reasons such as ventricular tachycardia, is not so harmless, because it is the cause of sudden cardiac death in 83% of reported cases. No less dangerous to the patient's AV block and bradycardia (of which we describe below), often resulting in loss of consciousness and death.
Cardiac arrhythmia - Causes of disease
Cardiac arrhythmias occur as a result of:
- endocrine disorders, including drop in blood sugar or enhancing quantity of thyroid hormones;
- violations of water-salt or acid-base balance;
- congenital malformations of the cardiovascular system.
Once again, we note that for the diagnosis of heart arrhythmia, symptoms depend not only on the cause of the adverse effects, but also on the nature of the disease itself. For this reason, in our country and abroad, there are occasions when the elimination of the causes of the disease does not lead to the restoration of normal heart rhythm. To cope with this disaster will help only the exact data on the different types of cardiac arrhythmias and the laws of their development.
Types of cardiac arrhythmia
In general, cardiac arrhythmia, symptoms of which depend on many factors, accompanied by a slowing of the heart rate (less than 60 beats per minute), its increasing frequency (more than 100 beats), or irregular heartbeat. Under this classification, scholars have identified dozens of types of cardiac arrhythmias, but we will talk only about the most common of them - bradycardia (heart arrhythmia with a rare rhythm) and tachycardia (disorders accompanied by increased frequency of heart rhythm).
The main types of bradycardia - a weak sinus arrhythmia of the heart (sick sinus syndrome) and atrioventricular block (a term often used AV block)
. Types of tachycardia is much more diverse, but the main ones - is atrial fibrillation (irregular heart beat mertsalnaya), supraventricular tachycardia and ventricular tachycardia
. All of these species are classified into paroxysmal and persistent
. The former are characterized by a sudden quickening rhythm, which can last a few seconds or a few hours or even days
. If a person develops paroxysmal cardiac arrhythmia, the consequences are usually not so serious as rhythm disturbance passes by itself without external intervention or after a widespread cardiac funds
. Persistent tachycardia is much more dangerous, because it is resistant to drug therapy and cause constant stress on the heart, which, of course, greatly reduces the life of a man
With respect to bradycardia. The most famous of them - the sick sinus syndrome, caused by a violation of the pulse contact the sinus node and atrial tissue. Sinus arrhythmia can observe and completely healthy people who regularly participate in sports, but more often it is a consequence of pathological conditions. In particular, its cause: high blood pressure, hypothyroidism, certain infectious diseases.
Cardiac arrhythmia - Symptoms and clinical picture
Manifestations of bradycardia and tachycardia - are different, so we will consider them apart from each other.
Rare heart rhythm (bradycardia) is accompanied by the following symptoms:
- general weakness;
- shortness of breath;
- frequent blackout;
- states that are close to fainting when a person only with great effort managed to maintain balance and perform usual activities.
For bradycardia characterized by brief loss of consciousness. Without a sense of a person is only a few seconds, at least - minutes. Mertsalnaya cardiac arrhythmia and other types of tachycardia can not boast of such humanity, as for a long time deprived of the ability of the patient to experience their surroundings and often require immediate resuscitation to save a human life. In all other cases the symptoms are similar to symptoms tachycardia bradycardia.
Note that in some cases, cardiac arrhythmia may be accompanied by signs of acute or chronic heart failure (respiratory failure, pulmonary edema, a sharp drop in blood pressure), and in others - momentary loss of consciousness and clinical death. As you can see, the disease manifests itself radically opposite signs, and perhaps in this lies its greatest danger.
Cardiac arrhythmia - treatment by traditional methods
The only effective way to get rid of most types of bradycardia - implanting a permanent pacemaker. Its installation is justified in cases when a person has symptoms of atrioventricular block or sinus arrhythmia of the heart, accompanied by a reduction rate of up to 40 or less beats per minute. If bradycardia have Yarkov expressed clinical symptoms, doctors limits the total treatment, and do not see the need for urgent surgical intervention.
Because atrial fibrillation (atrial fibrillation of the heart) may be either paroxysmal or permanent - the treatment depends on the nature of arrhythmias. Infrequent attacks are stopped, and the constant need for regular intake of drugs and the prevention of strokes. To pause of attack used procainamide and quinidine. In recent years, increasing use of new drugs, such as Cordarone or propanorm. If the patient has no contraindications to general anesthesia, atrial fibrillation of the heart may be docked using electrical cardioversion. Moreover, all necessary measures must be carried out within 48 hours, or significantly increases the risk of blood clots and other complications appearance.
Also, life-threatening ventricular tachycardia. It requires an urgent appeal for medical help, as is developing quite rapidly to a state of clinical death, in which can only help resuscitation. At the same time the patient must be properly put on a hard surface (maximum threw back his head and turning it on its side in the case of vomiting), check and spontaneous breathing in the absence thereof, artificial respiration and chest compressions.
Heart Arrhythmia - Treatment folk remedies
Just note that the diagnosis of cardiac arrhythmia, folk remedies should be used only as a supplement to traditional medicines, but in any case not replace them. In fact, only grass accelerate the healing process, but can not completely cure the person. It is from this we should proceed in selecting favorite recipes.
- Mix one bottle of alcohol tincture of valerian, hawthorn and motherwort. Shake well the mixture and place it in the refrigerator for 1-2 days. The drug is taken 30 minutes before a meal 1 teaspoon;
- Pour 30 hawthorn berries cup of boiling water and put the mixture on a small fire for 10-15 minutes. The broth is used fresh in equal portions during the day;
- slice 0, 5 kg of lemons and fill them with fresh honey, adding a mixture of 20 cores taken out of the pits of apricots. Thoroughly mix the composition and take 1 tablespoon morning and evening;
- boil a cup of water in an enamel pan, and then add the 4 grams of grass Adonis. Boil the mixture for 4-5 minutes on low heat, then cool it and place the pot in a warm, dry place for 20-30 minutes. Strained broth stored in the refrigerator, take 1 tablespoon 3 times a day.
People with heart disease are often weather-sensitive. Purchase a home weather station on http://www.brigltd.ru/meteostation.html and watch the weather swings. You will be able to prevent possible unpleasant consequences, and time to take the right medicine.