Bursitis disease is an acute or chronic inflammation of the mucous membranes periarticular bursa. Generally, bursitis is caused by an infectious inflammatory process, or as a result of a traumatic impact on the joint (bursitis joint so often diagnosed in athletes and people leading very active and agile healthy lifestyle).
Types of bursitis
In the place of localization of inflammation following types of bursitis joints:
1. Bursitis of the elbow
In most clinical cases of bursitis of the elbow is the result of mechanical (traumatic) the impact on the joints, followed by the addition of an infection. As a result of the injury ulnar joint capsule is greatly increased in size, in the elbow formed by swelling of hemispherical shape. Re-attaching the infection causes an increase in the general and local temperature, localized reddening of the skin over the injured area, a sharp pain and restriction of movement covered by the inflammation of the joints.
2. Bursitis of the shoulder joint
The most common form of the disease - a bursitis of the shoulder joint. A characteristic feature of this type of bursitis is a periarticular lesion bags, not directly related to the joint cavity (subdeltoid, subcutaneous acromial, subacromial). Area trauma bursitis of the shoulder joint is extreme pain, is greatly enhanced when attempting abduction or rotation of the injured upper limb.
3. Bursitis hip
This type of bursitis has extremely serious nature of the disease. A frequent complication of hip bursitis is the addition of the secondary purulent infection covering the entire joint later. The hip joint is extremely painful, it is always bent a little inside-out state, so the patient is restricted in movement by walking.
4. Bursitis knee
When bursitis of the knee often suffer pre- and suprapatellaris not communicating directly with the knee joint (subcutaneous, podsuhozhilnaya and podfastsialnaya). Bursitis of the knee is acute, with severe local edema, fluctuation, increase in body temperature, often there is a significant increase in regional lymph nodes.
5. Bursitis ankle
Often there are species - ankle bursitis, located between the Achilles tendon and heel, the so-called Achilles bursitis. In most cases, the ankle bursitis occurs because traumatic impact on the bursa improper shoes. In the diagnosis of bursitis of the ankle joint is necessary to distinguish it from inflammation caused by heel spurs.
Symptoms of bursitis
The most common symptoms of bursitis are as follows:
- Limited mobility in the joint;
- The elastic elastic swelling in the area of joint (of different sizes);
- Sometimes experienced higher local and general body temperature;
- Redness of the skin in the area of inflamed joint;
- In the case of chronic bursitis all of the above symptoms can be vague phrases.
Diagnosis of bursitis
Diagnosis of bursitis, particularly superficial, does not cause much difficulty. If necessary, bursitis differentiation from other joint diseases patients received additional instrumental examination - ultrasound or x-ray of the joint. Another method of diagnosis of bursitis is needling the affected joint capsule for immunological and bacteriological examination of its contents.
Treatment for bursitis
For acute bursitis treatment should be carried out in a medical hospital. A common tactic of the patient is the appointment of bed rest, to the area inflamed joint compressive bandage applied. Rest usually shown in a period not exceeding ten days, more prescribed light exercise (flexor-extensor character) to preserve the mobility of the joint.
Also appointed anti-inflammatory drug therapy, in the case of bursitis infectious etiology, antibiotics are used.
In some cases, for the resorption of inflammatory foci of chronic bursitis treatment of folk remedies it is very effective. You can recommend the use of biodegradable compress the following:
- Laundry soap (1 tablespoon grated);
- Honey (1 tablespoon)
- Onion (1 tablespoon grated).
Prepare a mixture of the above ingredients, take appropriate size piece of plastic, lay on top of him clean cotton cloth, which is laid out cooked weight. Then, make a compress on the area of the inflamed joint and wrap him up warm, preferably pure wool, cloth.
For best results in the treatment of bursitis can be achieved by applying active compress every day for 7 days. Before treatment of bursitis folk remedies should consult a physician.