General characteristics of the disease
Bulimia is an eating disorders manifested in fits of uncontrolled overeating, after which, as a rule, followed by purification rituals - induced vomiting or taking laxatives.
Such insurmountable hunger pangs can be of two types - bulimia nervosa and bulimia puberty. The first type of the disease are most susceptible people aged 25-30 years old, seeking solace and finding it in the food. The causes of bulimia nervosa can be mental disorders, stress, low self-esteem, but sometimes the disease can cause diseases of the endocrine system, central nervous system, or family history.
The second type of bulimia is most typical for girls experiencing puberty. Very often in this age of eating episodes alternate with periods of complete lack of appetite. Both bulimia curable if diagnosed in time to disease and to take effective measures to promote recovery.
For Bulimia is characterized by several types of manifestations:
- a huge amount of food absorbed by episodic, that is, the need for food appears suddenly;
- man eats constantly, incessantly;
- hunger attacks happen at night.
For people suffering from bulimia nervosa, eating is a way to relieve anxiety, to replace the support and attention, reduce stress. At the same time, it is changing the very nature of absorption of food - unlimited amount of food ingested in the form of practically neperezhevannom. After the fact people from overeating and guilt in order to avoid obesity, trying to clear the stomach or through artificial vomiting, or by receiving laxatives and diuretics.
In some cases, patients with bulimia nervosa may resort to Periodic fasting or excessive exercise. Very often, overeating and the following purification methods in combination with a weak nervous system can cause serious complications.
Symptoms of bulimia
Bulimia side is quite difficult to recognize, because people suffering from this disease, in most cases have a normal weight, and visually identify their difference from healthy people is almost impossible.
About thirty years ago, we developed a special scale, which allows you to diagnose bulimia. The test contains 26 questions, today recognized as a reliable tool for studies of eating disorders. In order to detect the disease in relatives or other close people use a simplified version of the test. Thus, the patient can give the following symptoms of bulimia:
- gum problems and the destruction of tooth enamel, which provokes repeated exposure to acid gastric juice into the mouth by vomiting;
- presence fingers wounds or scratches which may occur when placed in the throat for the purpose vomiting;
- muscle twitching and cramps caused by an imbalance of electrolytes;
- inflammation of the parotid gland, and esophagus as a result of frequent vomiting;
- various kinds of intestinal disorders triggered by excessive use of laxatives;
- In some cases, internal bleeding;
- signs of functional disorders of the liver and kidneys;
- heart disease caused by metabolic changes;
- menstrual irregularities.
If you find the above symptoms of bulimia nervosa should seek immediate medical attention
Treatment of bulimia
Traditional treatment of bulimia involves primarily psychotherapy, system arrangement, and only in some cases antidepressants. The earlier the disease is diagnosed and treatment is started, the more likely that will not develop health problems caused by bulimia. If an eating disorder is accompanied by other psychological disorders, such as depression, alcohol or drug addiction requires a comprehensive approach to the treatment of the entire body.
Treatment for bulimia is a long process that can last longer than a year, and the first signs of recovery seen only after weeks or even months. Unfortunately, the positive results of treatment are not yet a guarantee that bulimia after a while would not return.
In the treatment of eating disorders often use cognitive-behavioral therapy aimed at achieving the patient to accept yourself for who he is. In this therapy the patient bulimia teach routine meals, nutrition, reduce its concern with their weight and appearance, as well as help analyze relationships with others, form the skills to prevent the return of disease.
Traditional medicine offers the methods of treatment of bulimia:
- Three cloves of garlic, peeled and pre-crushed, pour boiled and cooled water (1 cup). After enduring hours, extract taken daily for the night 1 tablespoon.
- In equal amounts mixed parsley and dried mint, pour boiling water - 1stolovaya spoon collection in 1 cup of water - and insist half an hour. This infusion helps to satisfy hunger. Under the same scheme and subject to the same proportions is preparing an infusion of wormwood herb that is taken before a meal and 1 tablespoon.
- In 3 l of water over moderate heat cook 250g plums and figs same amount, wait until the amount of liquid is reduced to 2, 5 liters. Broth take before eating ½ cup.
- One glass of water pour 20g celery, boil for 15 minutes. Strained broth to drink during the day in three divided doses before meals.
Keep in mind that bulimia is a serious illness that requires professional medical attention and care of loved ones.
The consequences of bulimia
It is only natural that overeating combined with a forced cleaning of the stomach can not go to the body without a trace. The effects of bulimia include:
- the deterioration of the teeth, hair, nails and skin;
- metabolic disorders;
- congestive heart failure;
- disruption of the digestive system;
- drug, and sometimes alcohol and drug addiction;
- the difficulty of communicating with loved ones;
- loss of interest in life;
- general exhaustion.
The effects of bulimia, as the disease can be prevented by maintaining a healthy family psychological climate and create a stable and safe stop, help children to form healthy self-esteem.