The reason for barking cough is the presence of the pathological process of the upper respiratory tract - the larynx or trachea.
Barking cough as a symptom of whooping cough
Strong hacking cough most often seen in young children (under five years). In most cases, it is a sign of infectious diseases - whooping cough.
Pertussis microbe is Bordetella pertussis, which is transmitted by airborne droplets. The result of his life in the body of an infected person is the appearance of toxins that irritate the cough center and violate the integrity of the mucous membranes of the respiratory system.
During the first seven days after infection the patient has symptoms such as a runny nose, redness of the upper respiratory tract, fever. At the beginning of the second week of the disease appears unproductive barking cough is a protective reflex reaction.
Especially hard pertussis occurs in infants and in people over age group (after 65 years). He may be accompanied by bleeding, convulsions, pneumonia, complicated and even lead to death.
Treatment barking cough in whooping cough is carried out with the help of antibiotics. They prescribe a complex with antihistamines, which help to reduce swelling of the mucous of the respiratory tract.
The room in which the patient with pertussis should be regularly ventilated, and the air is humidified. The good effect is observed at regular inhalation, which is best done using a nebulizer - a special inhaler that provides dispersed (ultra low) spraying liquid.
Can protect against pertussis vaccination via which in civilized countries, including in our country, among the obligatory.
Parakoklyush and barking cough
Prolonged attacks of barking cough, is not accompanied by fever, may be a symptom parakoklyusha. Parakoklyush also an acute infectious disease of bacterial origin, which often affects children between three to six years. Clinical presentation, etiology and pathogenesis parakoklyusha are similar to whooping cough, and the disease is milder. Both diseases are treated similarly, but with parakoklyushe shown walking outdoors for 1, 5-2 hours. They favorably affect the condition of the sick child.
Barking cough as a symptom of bronchiolitis
Bronchiolitis is a viral disease that is accompanied by shortness of breath, especially exhalation. It occurs most often in infants and can have the character of an epidemic.
Often bronchiolitis developed as a secondary infection after SARS. Breathing is difficult child, and its frequency increases. This process is accompanied by heart palpitations, as well as abrupt and loud barking cough. Reduced gas exchange in the background high temperature, drowsiness and dehydration, and in severe cases, the presence of concomitant heart disease require hospitalization.
In a hospital patient in need of providing a forced ventilation and the oxygen supply. To eliminate dehydration prescribe infusion therapy. For the treatment of barking cough appointed bronchodilators and anti-viral drugs.
Strong barking cough in other diseases
When diphtheria in a child may develop a serious condition - cereals - accompanied by a barking cough. False croup can be observed at various SARS and influenza; He is also accompanied by the appearance of barking cough. Vaccination against diphtheria included in the mandatory vaccination schedule, and comprehensive treatment barking cough in croup includes the use of antispasmodic drugs and hormonal and appointed individually by the attending physician.
The cause of barking cough, painful throat and ripped off can be a variety of laryngitis and tracheitis. Vaccination will help prevent them from pneumococcal disease and influenza.