Brief description of the disease
Ankylosing spondylitis is an inflammation of the intervertebral joints. As a result of the disease, they coalesce, which significantly restricts the freedom of movement of the spine. In the international practice of medicine, the disease is called "ankylosing spondylitis". Different countries suffer from it by 0, 5 to 2% of the population. Men, especially at a young age, get sick more often women (currently 10 cases diagnosed with ankylosing spondylitis have to only 8 men and 2 women).
The causes of the disease are not fully understood. Researchers believe that a big role in this process is played by genetic factors and chronic infection of the gastrointestinal tract. In addition, ankylosing spondylitis in men and women provoked sexual infections, stress and injuries of the musculoskeletal system. Mild forms of the disease does not cause serious complications. The situation is different if a person is diagnosed launched ankylosing spondylitis - a disability in this case is almost inevitable. Note also that there are some problems with the production of correct and, most importantly, timely diagnosis. Usually, people do not pay attention to the unpleasant symptoms and seek medical attention too late, when treatment of the inflammatory process has almost no effect.
Ankylosing spondylitis - symptoms
- pain in the sacroiliac region, stiffness of the joints - pain often spreads to the lower limbs and given in the buttocks, and it is greatly enhanced in the second half of the night, which is why people can not sleep properly;
- severe pain in the heel bone is not going over time;
- pain and tightness in the thoracic spine;
- the study of blood samples from the sick person show a significant increase in ESR.
These symptoms are not necessarily signs of ankylosing spondylitis, but if they hold more than one month should immediately consult a rheumatologist. In some cases the first pains appear not in the spine and joints in the hands and feet. However, they are very similar to rheumatoid arthritis. In addition, ankylosing spondylitis may begin with an inflammatory eye disease, heart disease or aorta. The slow progression of the disease is extremely rare. In most cases, the inflammatory process is developing quite rapidly and within a short period of time affects virtually the entire spine.
As the disease progresses limited joint mobility increases, there are shortening the spine, severe pain in the most simple movements such as tilted to the side. Also, patients have difficulty breathing, a sharp pain when coughing or sneezing. Many people aspire to get rid of unpleasant feelings and try to keep this quiet life, limit physical activity, suspecting that these measures only contribute to the progression of arthritis. If a person is found ankylosing spondylitis, treatment is based on an active lifestyle and moderate exercise. Otherwise, there may come a complete immobility of the spine and a man ever gets irreversible changes in the body (head tilted, bent at the elbows, curved posture).
Ankylosing spondylitis - the treatment of the disease
Inhibit the development of chest stillness helps deep breathing and active sports, strengthens the muscles of the back and buttocks, for example, skiing or swimming
. It is advisable to abandon the soft bed and pillows as hard mattress prevents severe pain in the spine during the second half of the night
. Due to the fact that ankylosing spondylitis, the symptoms of which are increasingly manifested in young people, is progressive in nature - fight it hard enough
. The main task and the doctor and the patient - to stop the development of inflammation, did not give him a move to more healthy joints
. This task is very difficult, but doable
. Remember that a diagnosis ankylosing spondylitis, treatment is not just saving you the pain and ensure high quality of life, reduces the symptoms of stiffness in the spine
. It is for this reason is unacceptable to self-medicate at any stage of the disease
Complications manifested in inflammation of the joints
The greatest danger is running ankylosing spondylitis. Disability in the later stages of the disease is almost inevitable, and irreversible changes involve not only the spine and posture, but also other organs. In particular, 20% of patients affected aorta and the cardiovascular system. This is manifested in the form of constant shortness of breath, chest pain, disruption of the heart. Also, patients are often observed renal failure, which is a consequence of amyloidosis - degeneration of the kidneys.