Angioma - a benign tumor vascular tumor composed of blood and lymph vessels with extended walls. Most often angioma is a congenital anomaly of development. As a result, abnormal connection of arteries and veins Arterial blood, bypassing the capillaries gets directly from the arteries to the veins. Angioma - a kind of birthmarks. It is most often found in the brain, but can also occur in any other organs, such as the upper and lower limbs, in the spinal cord, on the ears. Angioma of the brain can grow to enormous size and occupy a fraction of the brain.
Cavernous (cavernous) angioma - pulsating formation of dark red or purple color, consisting of cavities filled with blood. They have the form of spots, towering above the skin. From other types of cavernous angioma different spongy structure. This type of tumor most often localized subcutaneously and rarely grow into bone and muscle tissue. At the touch Angioma elastic and soft, easily compressed when pressed, easily taking the primary appearance. Cavernous angioma have a tendency to bleeding and ulceration. Bleeding and ulceration - predisposing factors to the development of secondary infection. In some cases, increasing the supply angioma leads to a significant increase in the size of those parts of the body on which it is localized.
Venous angioma - soft formation of different sizes, characterized by a progressive autonomous growth. Venous angioma usually attributed to benign tumors.
Venous angioma cavernous presented a set of multiple thin-walled cavities that are interconnected. These tumors are localized in the subcutaneous tissue, muscle tissue, skin. Color spots usually varies from dark blue to brown.
Branched angioma - a rare disease which manifests itself in the limbs, at least - on the face and head. This type of pathology is represented by winding strands and sometimes entire tangles of arteries with extended branches.
Intraosseous angioma usually develop on the bones of the skull. These formations can provoke repeated bleeding. Determined this Angioma X-rays.
Angioma Symptoms can appear at any age, but most often they appear in the age of twenty years. The most common symptoms of angioma is a feeling of heaviness in the limbs, hypertrichosis, difficulty swallowing and breathing. Development angioma often accompanied by painful sensations in the field of localization, non-durable neurological symptoms, pyrexia.
The symptoms of angioma of the brain include headaches, hypertension, increased intracranial pressure, seizures, dementia, stroke.
Depending on the location of the symptoms of angioma of the brain may be muscle weakness, dizziness, blurred vision, consciousness, memory, speech, coordination, paralysis of the body.
Methods of treatment angioma
Treatment of angiomas carried out by various methods. The main goal of treatment angioma - termination of their growth through the elimination of the pathological process and the resumption of the normal functioning of blood vessels.
Laser treatment is layered removal of affected tissue. Diseased tissue is removed completely to expose the layers of perfectly healthy tissue. The advantage of laser treatment in minimally bleeding.
Radiation treatment is applied to a large area of Angioma and complex localization (retrobulbar space orbital area).
Diathermocoagulation used in angiofibroma, spot and angioma bleeding. This method of treatment can not be used in the vast and inaccessible tumors.
Sclerosing therapy is indicated for deep-seated angioma small size. As a sclerosing agent, an alcohol which is introduced into the cavity of the tumor. This procedure is quite lengthy and painful.
Hormone therapy is used in extensive lesions, progressive growth and development of angioma, the critical location of the tumor, combined lesions of several anatomical regions.
Cryotherapy - an excellent method of treatment used at any location angioma. This method is widely used in pediatric surgery. The advantage of the method in its painless, clear demarcation of the pathological focus, in the absence of bleeding.
Surgical treatment of angioma is used in a deep location of the tumor vasculature. Angiomu try to gently remove completely to avoid damaging adjacent healthy tissue surrounding it.