Brief description of the disease
In the diagnosis of aneurysm in a patient there is a local expansion of blood vessels (arteries or veins), vascular walls are beginning to bulge. This can be a congenital disease of the vessel wall, and the result of the development of atherosclerosis, or arterio. As the aneurysm can be caused by trauma, mycotic or syphilitic vascular lesions. Most often, in the region of an aneurysm of the aorta occurs. Quite often there are cases of cardiac aneurysm.
Aneurysms can be both true and false. True are formed by all layers of the blood vessel wall. They are observed in atherosclerosis, syphilis. False aneurysms occur when blood vessels injuries. For injuries blood flows into the tissue, and after a time, around this blood begin to form the wall of the aneurysm - the so-called "aneurysmal shock". The walls of the blood vessels bulge gradually, and this, in turn, can lead to compression of the surrounding organs.
Very often a brain aneurysm due to a congenital pathology manifests the walls of blood vessels. Also, it is diagnosed in people with genetic disorders in the body. It may be connective tissue disorders, disturbances in blood circulation, polycystic kidney disease.
Besides this type of aneurysm may occur following head injury, due to high blood pressure, when infecting infection in the tumor as well as in other diseases of the vascular system. Smoking and drug use can also cause cerebral aneurysms.
This type of aneurysm is dangerous enough. It can lead to bleeding in the brain, cause serious complications such as stroke, nervous system damage, or result in death. If the aneurysm burst once, it can burst and second. This can lead to repeated hemorrhage into the brain. Can develop new aneurysms.
Abdominal aortic aneurysm
Blood on the abdominal aorta into the lower part of the body. If you have a weak part of the aorta, it may or expand, or start to bulge. This is the abdominal aortic aneurysm. The blood that flows under pressure through the aorta and helps to ensure that it begins to bulge and becomes like a balloon. This aneurysm is dangerous and poses a risk to human health. It may just burst, leading to internal bleeding, and in the worst case - to the death.
Besides, when the abdominal aortic aneurysm likely clot formation. Blood clots can break away from the wall and plug the smaller blood vessels, leading to arterial thrombosis. This causes severe pain and can lead to complications that people eventually lose a limb.
The symptoms of an aneurysm
Symptoms depend on where the aneurysm its location, on whether there are complications of the aneurysm, the type of its development. It can occur for years without symptoms. Statistics show that 25% of patients suffering from episodic manifestations aneurysm, they first took for migraines.
Asymptomatic aneurysm can be detected only by chance. If it is unexploded, she characterized the feeling of compression of the brain, cranial nerves, leading to chronic headaches, disruption of the organs of sight, smell, can cause epileptic seizures, can also lead to strabismus.
If the aneurysm burst, it begins internal bleeding, which cause the symptoms described above.
Symptoms may occur, and abdominal aortic aneurysm. But possible and throbbing and pressing pain in the chest, abdomen or between the shoulder blades. Breathing may be difficult appear hoarseness, cough. If you have a sudden pain in the head, chest, abdomen or any other symptoms described above, you need to immediately consult a doctor!
Treatment of aneurysms
In modern medicine, there is only one method of treating an aneurysm - a surgical intervention (operation). Complications can occur at any time, so the treatment of aneurysms is performed by removing the patient's vessel, and in its place put artificial.
This can be done using open surgery. Abdominal surgeon makes an incision and removes it through the enlarged portion of the abdominal aorta, and in its place puts the prosthesis. Just aneurysm treatment can be carried out by endo prosthesis. In the groin of the patient makes a small incision. Through it, in the cavity of the aneurysm is located synthetic prosthesis.
By carrying out this operation, there are a number of restrictions. Makes it possible small percentage of patients. Unfortunately, after such intervention, a very high percentage of repeat operations than after open surgery.
But contraindications for age and other diseases such operations there. These prostheses are not rejected, the vast majority of them is unnecessary to change and they serve until the end of human life.