Brief description of the disease
Alopecia - is a Latin word which literally translated means "baldness". Do not confuse this disease with hair loss, which is part of the natural hair, and update regularly occurs in every human being. If you are diagnosed with alopecia, treatment is necessary, because in its absence, you can very quickly lose all the hair.
Types of alopecia
Androgenic alopecia - occurs due to elevated levels of testosterone or because of an abnormally high sensitivity to the presence of the hair of this hormone. In the latter case, alopecia can occur even with normal testosterone levels. The most frequently observed androgenic alopecia in women, especially during pregnancy and lactation, and during menopause. In men, this type of the disease is detected much less frequently and mainly affects the elderly.
Diffuse alopecia - is a consequence of a serious illness or a disruption to major body systems. In addition, this form can be caused by stress, lack of iron, and malnutrition. Diffuse alopecia is characterized by the fact that the hair falls abundantly and uniformly, which is partly correct diagnosis difficult.
Alopecia areata (another name - female alopecia) - equally often manifested in women and in men at any age. Symptoms of the disease is the appearance of several balding areas on the head or hair loss in other areas of the body, such as the beard and eyebrows. Eventually prolysiny may move or disappear altogether. The reason that a person begins to develop alopecia areata - is unclear. Researchers believe that there is a failure in the body's immune system.
Once again I want to repeat that we should not confuse cause and effect. So, for example, very often diagnosed alopecia in women is not confirmed in the course of the prescribed treatment because hair loss is due to seasonal factors or to pregnancy and childbirth. Temporary hair loss is observed in cancer patients after chemotherapy. For this reason, androgenic alopecia and other forms of the disease are diagnosed only after a thorough examination and analysis of the necessary studies.
Alopecia - Treatment of diseases
When the diagnosis of "alopecia areata" patients administered immunotherapy. As mentioned above, this form is considered an autoimmune disease that is partly supported high efficiency of immunomodulators and means nonspecific immunotherapy taken by the patient.
If alopecia is associated with disorders of the nervous system, it is necessary, first of all, get rid of the psycho-emotional experiences, the effects of traumatic brain injury, autonomic disorders. If necessary, the patient is prescribed tranquilizers, sedatives, Wegetotropona funds, 2% solution of novocaine. Sometimes a course of hypnotherapy conducted.
Diffuse alopecia due to malnutrition, anemia and hypovitaminosis, treated with biogenic stimulators (phytin, aloe or placenta, Syrup of aloe with iron). Good results are shown sodium arsenate, which is administered subcutaneously 2-3 times a day, and novocaine solution. Very popular and folk remedies, such as tincture of magnolia vine, devil and the Aral Sea.
Often hair loss is associated with human seborrhea, erythroderma and other dermatoses. If they called alopecia treatment is to eliminate the causes, that is directly dermatoses, after which the process of hair loss stops. Note also that prolysiny may result from taking certain medications (hormones, isoniazid, anorexic agents, anticoagulants), intoxication effects of X-rays and frequent perm hair. Children most often seen physiological alopecia. It does not require any special treatment, and runs by itself after a certain period of time.
Severe forms of the disease associated with the development of scars and atrophic changes of the skin, virtually impossible to treat, as the negative processes affecting the system updates hair completely stopped its normal operation. There are exceptions, but they are rare and achieve positive dynamics can only be prolonged, complex treatment in specialized clinics.
Since alopecia in women and men are often linked to poor diet, patients are assigned a strict diet. They limit the amount of salt in the diet, a standard diet includes plenty of vegetables, fruits, liver, fish, milk, beans, potatoes and cereals. One of the most effective ways to lose weight and cleanse the body of toxins is cucumber diet. At the same time carried out and local therapy, that is used every possible means and ointments that are rubbed into the center of baldness.