Brief Description of the disease
Alcoholism - a serious social problem. Her origins in the demoralization of the society and the individual personal problems: failure to take place in professional and family life, uncertainty about the future. A more chronic alcoholism - a serious disease. And let his nefarious reasons, and are expressed in a systematic drunkenness, because many ills - an alcoholic family, however, patients with alcoholism, as well as patients with any other disease, need adequate treatment and prevention of alcoholism. The second point is equally important first, as you can continue to be an alcoholic, even if the last shot of vodka was drunk 10 years ago.
Stages of alcoholism
According to the severity of the disease distinguish 3 stages of alcoholism.
The first stage of alcoholism
It is often called domestic drinking. Alcoholic patients of this type can drink alcohol on a daily basis, with not much to get drunk and even the proud resistance of the organism to alcohol. Hangover still missing, but begins to form a mental dependence on alcohol. Man annoyed, angry, if he can not drink a glass of this minute or two. Patients with alcoholism at this stage rarely seek medical help. They do not recognize themselves and others in the presence of problems, but if the first stage of alcoholism last few years, it will enter a qualitatively different form of the disease.
The second stage of alcoholism
Symptoms of the previous form of the disease joins hungover, he's withdrawal. The disease is expressed in the sense of weakness, pain throughout the body, nightmares, poor appetite in a sober state. Admission alcohol helps reduce the appearance of part of these symptoms. In patients with alcoholism second stage gradually begin to change the personality and mental abilities. Already at this stage of alcoholism may be the first manifestation of complications of the disease - delirium tremens or delirium tremens. The second stage of alcoholism may also last for several years.
The third or final stage of alcoholism
Serious diseases of the pancreas and the liver of alcoholics reduce his body's tolerance to alcohol. The man is now frequently drink alcohol in small portions, and in his body accumulate irreversible changes. Signs of the third stage of alcoholism are serious somatic and neurological diseases: hepatitis, cirrhosis, necrosis of the pancreas, stomach ulcers, polyneuritis, etc. The final stage of alcoholism lasts no more than 3 years and ends with death.
One of the most acute problems of mass alcohol beer alcoholism is considered. Fashion for beer producers of cultivated low-alcohol beverage. Beer as a way to quench your thirst for beer mood in good company, beer for hair beauty and strength of nails ... Beer alcoholism is becoming the cause of many serious health problems caused by not only the use of regular small doses of alcohol, but also unlimited use of the liquid in the beverage and after him. It is no secret that beer is drunk often a bit of sugar with salt fish, chips, crackers and other foods that cause hunger.
In medical circles, there is the term "beer heart", to indicate pathology accompanying beer drinking. Systematic overflow fluid circulatory system of humans leads to increased blood pressure, increased burden on the heart, the expansion cavities and organ hypertrophy.
Beer alcoholism - all rather offensive phenomenon. In addition to heart disease in a person who regularly drink beer, more frequent inflammation of the esophagus and stomach, caused by exposure to cobalt in the composition of intoxicating drink. Beer alcoholism leads to early wear of the kidneys and pancreas, significantly reduces the potency and fertility (fertilizing ability) of the male.
Female alcoholism - even more acute social problems and serious disease. Select female alcoholism, as a separate disease, congenital causes poor tolerance of alcohol a woman's body. Clinic female alcoholism and its complications is significantly different from male alcoholism.
For instance, if a man takes up to 10 years of regular drinking to become an alcoholic, a woman has the first stage of alcoholism lasts no more than 3 years. And then there is the accelerated increase in symptoms and signs associated female alcoholism complications: hepatitis, pancreatic necrosis, cirrhosis of the liver. Quickly place and personality changes: develop resentment, malice, hysteria, sexual promiscuity. Female alcoholism is now less widespread than men, but the adverse social circumstances, strong emotional shocks, working in drinking establishments or alcohol abusers relatives, the woman becomes an alcoholic before men.
Treatment and prevention of alcoholism
Like any other illness, alcoholism requires treatment. The sooner it is started, the more effective the result. The problem of alcoholism treatment is complicated by the reluctance of the patients themselves are often exempt from addiction. In such cases, treatment of alcoholics occurs under family pressure, or administrative services. It is carried out in a drug treatment hospital and consists of several stages.
At the beginning of therapy to help patients with alcoholism medication to get rid of hangover. Isolation of drug addiction in this case is needed to eliminate the minimum probability of patient contact with alcohol. The second step in the treatment of alcoholism lasts months or even years and is restoring overall health, spoiled regular drinking. During this phase of treatment for alcoholism typically further uses different coding techniques - implanted under the skin of drugs that cause an aversion to alcohol. And the third step is the social rehabilitation of alcoholics using psychotherapist and temperance societies, and with the support of the family.
Unfortunately, successful recovery from alcoholism does not always give a 100% guarantee against relapse. Prevention of alcoholism in humans, has in its history a diagnosis of alcohol dependence, continues throughout life, and assumes full refusal of alcohol.
Preventing alcohol in healthy people, especially among the youth - the task of the state, public organizations, health care facilities, families, schools. In the fight against dangerous disease all good methods of prevention of alcoholism: explanatory conversations, promoting healthy lifestyles, restrictions on the sale of alcohol, etc.