What edentia? Types adentia
Adentia refers to diseases of the mouth and involves the partial or total lack of teeth.
depending on the cause can be primary or secondary.
Primary edentia is innate. The reason for it - is the lack of rudiments of teeth, which is often a manifestation of hypohidrotic ectodermal dysplasia. Also, the symptoms of this disease are changes in the skin (lack of hair, premature aging of the skin) and mucous membranes (paleness, dryness).
In some cases, the primary cause of the edentulous set is not possible. It is assumed that the tooth anlage resorption may occur by a number of toxic effects, or be a consequence of an inflammatory process. May play the role of hereditary reasons and some endocrine disorders.
Secondary edentia more common. It appears this edentia due to partial or total loss of teeth or dental germs. The reasons can be many: most often it is a consequence of the injury or the running of tooth decay.
By the number of missing teeth edentia can be complete or partial. Edentulous - a complete lack of teeth. In most cases it is primary.
Depending on whether it is given edentia total or partial, is shown and the clinic.
Edentulous leads to a serious deformation of the facial skeleton. As a consequence, there are violations of speech sounds muffled pronunciation. Man can not fully chew and nibble food. In turn, there is malnutrition, which leads to a number of diseases of the gastrointestinal tract. Also edentulous leads to dysfunction of the temporomandibular joint. Against the background of fully edentulous disturbed mental status of a person. Adentia in children leads to disruption of their social adaptation and contributes to the development of mental disorders.
Primary edentulous in children is a very rare and serious disease in which the germs of teeth are missing. The reason for this type of violation are edentulous utero.
The clinic in the absence of timely treatment is extremely difficult and is associated with marked changes in the facial skeleton.
Secondary edentulous called the loss of all teeth with initial availability. Most secondary edentulous dental disease is caused by caries, periodontitis, and also after the surgical removal of teeth (in oncology, for example) or as a consequence of trauma.
Secondary partially edentulous has the same reason as the primary. Complication of the edentulous of wear of dental hard tissues appears hypersensitivity. At the beginning of the process there are set on edge when exposed to chemical stimuli. In marked course - the pain of closing the teeth exposed to thermal, chemical irritants, mechanical effects.
Diagnosis is not difficult. Suffice clinic. In order to confirm certain types of edentulous necessary to carry out X-ray examination.
Treatment of edentulous
edentia in children treated with prosthetics, which should be carried out, starting with 3-4 years of life. These children must be dynamic observation specialist since there is a significant risk of dysplasia of the jaw of a child as a result of the pressure of the prosthesis.
In secondary fully edentulous adult dentures carried out using removable plate dentures.
When using the method of non-removable prosthesis when necessary to fully edentulous dental implant provisional.
- Violation of normal fixation of the prosthesis due to atrophy of the jaws;
- Allergic reactions to denture material;
- The development of the inflammatory process;
- The development of pressure sores, etc.
Treatment of secondary partial edentulous complicated hyperesthesia includes depulpatsiyu teeth.
In the treatment of secondary edentulous necessarily eliminate the causative factor, ie, disease or pathological process leading to the edentulous.