Affiliation - a desire to be with other people, the need for building trust, warm, emotionally meaningful relationship. Under this concept includes such categories as communication, friendship, love, and many others. The relationships with parents and peers in early childhood leads to the formation of this need. Affiliation tends to reduce anxiety and soften the effects of both psychological and physiological stress.
The negative experience attached with frequent repetition of the situation, coupled with self-doubt and distrust toward another person or group of people blocking the affiliation and causes alienation, loneliness and frustration.
High and low affiliation
Under the affiliation in psychology to understand the level of the social needs of the person. Each of us needs to varying degrees in communication. Some want to always be in the company, to meet with friends and colleagues at events or parties. Another to communicate enough to use the Internet - no wonder so widely used social networks and various communication programs that not only provide a text link, but also allow you to see and hear the other party. Others, by contrast, prefer solitude noisy companies do not like to attract attention, and even choose telework to limit contact with others. Of course, how many people - so many options. Affiliation - this is the concept that determines how a person inspires the prospect of communicating with others.
High and low affiliation - are two extremes that are rarely found in its pure form. In the first case - it is unconditional extroverts. They are open for communication, can easily start a conversation with strangers, often the soul of the company. Can not stand alone and achieve the best results only surrounded by people. They are important exchange of ideas and opinions "live".
The low level of affiliation is more characteristic of introverts. Such people tend to be independent and self-sufficient, for them it is important to personal space. Long chat with others their exhausting and emotional balance is restored only in solitude. It's not a lack of social skills and the desire to establish and maintain a close relationship with a small circle of friends, do not ever getting to know new people.
Content affiliation motivation is maintaining close relations such an extent that suits a person and does not cause discomfort. Objectives thus can vary considerably - from trying to impress the other person desires to have authoritative influence.
Affiliation involves partnerships and unbalanced distribution of roles destroys it, leading in severe cases to social phobias. If a person realizes that he tried to humiliate or used to meet anyone's needs, it is likely to prejudice its requirements for affiliation. It is therefore necessary to increase the value of communication in the eyes of the partner, to establish a trusting relationship and to ensure that the sympathy and friendly support was mutual. Achieve and maintain a relationship of this kind contributes to a lot of verbal and non-verbal means - it is a positive number and content of the remarks friendly facial expression, eye contact duration, posture, gestures and other behaviors.
Motivation affiliation correlates on the one hand, the need to assert themselves and to get approval, and on the other - the fear of being rejected. On the basis of past experience form appropriate expectations. For example, if you need to talk to strangers is associated with the expectation of success, the appeal of this situation will be high and vice versa. Accordingly, any person committed to other people looking for them comrades and trust them, or treat them with suspicion and to avoid them. If both types of expectations are low, the interpersonal interaction is manifested disinterest and indifference.
Affiliation significantly affect the process and outcome of dialogue - after tying a new acquaintance will be a friendly and relaxed, or, on the contrary, shy, awkward and unfriendly. As positive experience increases affiliation and negative - reduce, each time will be consolidation or gradual destruction of previously existing stereotype.
In psychology, affiliation and its motives are measurable - for example, using the technique Mehrabian. It is more reliable projective method, but due to its complexity mainly use test. Its scale is divided into 2 parts, one of which is designed to assess the strength of the desire to communicate, and the other - the fear of being rejected.
As a result, scoring four possible combinations of these two typical motifs with the following interpretation:
- A strong desire to be accepted by other people (the joint venture) with a pronounced fear of rejection (CO). This combination of motifs characteristic of the internal conflict in people who both want to be in the community and avoid Me;
- The high rate of joint ventures and low CO. These people actively establish contacts and get pleasure from intercourse alone;
- A small level of the joint venture and a large CO. This result is for those who seek solitude and avoids interpersonal interaction;
- The low value of both motifs affiliation. Common to all who live among the people, talking to them, but that is not experiencing any positive or negative emotions and normally feels in the company, and without it.
If the test showed the mean scores of motivation, then the alleged human social behavior and feelings can not say anything definite.
On the basis of calculating the level of affiliation may be, for example, to choose an occupation. For teachers, teachers, doctors, lawyers and other professionals associated with communication, affiliation should be one of the main requirements.