Cervical polyps are the most common benign tumors resulting from abnormal proliferation of the glandular epithelium of the mucous layer. Places localization of cervical polyps are usually located in the external os, in the upper or middle part of it.
The growth of cervical polyps is seamless and virtually painless, their appearance is a red, smooth tumor on the leg or on a broad basis. The size of polyps can be quite different - from very tiny, barely noticeable by visual inspection, to huge, hanging, as the "tentacles" of the external os of the cervical canal.
Causes of Cervical polyps
Until now, the exact reasons for the formation of cervical polyps is not yet fully understood. Most researchers believe the common opinion that the main causes of cervical polyps are abnormal following factors:
- Erosion processes in the cervix;
- Injuries and damage in the area of the cervix;
- The effects of inflammatory diseases;
- Hormonal imbalance in the body.
Types of Cervical polyps
The following types of polyps of the cervix:
- Fibrous polyps (composition - fibrous tissue of the endometrium is most likely to occur in elderly patients, most other types of polyps are capable of malignant transformation);
- Glandular polyps (composition - with the inclusion of endometrial tissue glandular bodies, the size of polyps less than 1, 5 cm, after removing the polyp cervix complications of this type are extremely rare);
- Glandular and fibrous polyps (composition - the connective tissue and endometrial cells, the size - no more than 2, 5 cm, after removing the polyp cervical glandular-fibrous type patients shows a course of hormone therapy and monitoring gynecologist);
- Adenomatous polyps (structure - homogeneous structure, size reaches 4 centimeters or more, is the most dangerous type of oncological polyps, and after removal of cervical polyps of this type carried out a careful post-operative monitoring and appropriate medical therapy).
Symptoms of cervical polyps
Complaints of pain and any symptoms of cervical polyps is almost completely absent. The manifestation of the objective evidence of disease closely associated with underlying inflammatory processes in the genital organs.
Frequent companion of cervical polyps are the following diseases:
- Erosion (or pseudo) cervix;
- Uterine fibroids;
- Chronic endotsertsivit;
- A violation of ovarian function.
Diagnosis of Cervical polyps
Diagnosis of the disease of cervical polyps is not particularly difficult. As a rule, they are identified visually by the next gynecological examination. For the most thorough doobsledovanija gynecologist can prescribe the procedure for diagnostic curettage cervical mucous (content is sent for histological examination), tservikoskopiyu, colposcopy.
Treatment of Cervical polyps
In most cases, the treatment of cervical polyps is chosen surgical tactics - operative loosening of the polyp with the inner layer of the mucosa, followed by cauterizing the polyp localization (most of all - electric shock). After removal of the polyp cervical biological material is required to be sent for histological examination for laboratory testing on the content of cancer cells.
A special case of cervical polyps during pregnancy, surgery is usually postponed for safer childbirth.
Treatment of cervical polyps folk remedies most justified in the initial stage of the disease, uncomplicated comorbidities genitals. Most commonly prescribed herbal medicine. You can recommend the following fees herbs:
Collection number 1.
Lingonberry - 4 teaspoons
Rosehip - 6 teaspoons
Stinging nettle - 6 teaspoons
A mixture of dried herbs is poured 400 ml of boiling water and insist (preferably in a thermos), about 3 hours. Take a decoction should be before eating half a cup four times a day.
Collection number 2.
Rosemary, yarrow, sage - 2 tablespoons
Oak bark - 4 tablespoons
The mixture is brewed with 2 liters of boiling water, tantalized over low heat for about 20 minutes, then allowed to cool and filtered. The resulting broth is used for irrigation.
It should certainly remember that the self-treatment of cervical polyps folk remedies should be administered with extreme caution and only under the constant supervision of the attending gynecologist.