Fracture of the fibula
Fractures of the tibia, in particular fractures of large and fibula, are among the most common injuries of the lower extremities.
tibia is a component of the tibia. Depending on the impact of the guide and the type of fault fractured fibula is often combined with a fractured tibia. If we consider the nature of the fracture, it can be divided into direct and indirect. Direct or bumper hit, it considered to be more favorable, since it is much easier to treat. In addition, after the fibula fracture by direct factor is not the set of fragments during the fragmentation of the skeleton.
Indirect same factor more unfavorable. There is a turning point, when the direction of damage along the axis of rotation of the bone occurs (traction). After fracture fibula indirect factor raises a lot of debris in the direction of the impact of the blow. Damage occurs in a spiral, capturing large areas of structure feet.
The cause of the fracture fibula can be elementary or drop kick. Especially these fractures often occur during the winter ice. Often these fractures occur in conjunction with the tibia. However, the stronger the tibia, and if it is not broken, the treatment will be more reliable and fast. In addition, significantly reduced the possibility of developing various complications: osteomyelitis, displacement of bone fragments and others.
Symptoms of a fracture fibula
Identify broken fibula easily enough. First of all, a symptom of fibula fracture is visible displacement of the bones. The victim experienced severe pain when you try to lean on the injured leg. Because of the foot injury strongly swells arise hematoma. Visually, the leg may seem shorter, it may be turned out in relation to the healthy leg. If the axis is not displaced fracture, the victim can perform rotational movements. If there was a crisis alone fibula, the victim may even be a little lean on the injured leg.
Diagnosis of fracture
To the physician can accurately determine the nature of the fracture, the patient should tell us how the injury occurred. The doctor evaluates the impact force than he was done, and in what direction striking force was applied. The properties of the fracture depend on all of these indicators.
To get the full picture of what happened, the doctor makes an x-ray in two projections. Usually, the diagnosis of fracture of the fibula is not a big difficulty. Your doctor may experience some difficulties when there is a variety of complications, or when the fracture is localized in the tibiofibular joint. if
suffered a fracture in the upper third of the leg, the physician should be aware that often suffer from this blood supply and innervation of the site.
Treatment of fracture of fibula
If there was a fracture without displacement, the treatment of fracture of fibula presents no particular difficulties. Even if there is a simultaneous fracture of tibia fractures without displacement is easier to treat. The doctor puts plaster, starting with the tips of the toes and up to the point that you want to immobilize. This is to prevent the displacement of bone fragments.
If the result was a displacement pin bone fragments, particularly if there was a shift of both bones, the first physician must restore their correct positions. When lateral impact may require the imposition of extramedullary plates. If the offset is not occurred as a result of lateral impact, it is possible to introduce the spokes slightly above and below the fracture. These spokes are fixed and stretch recovery place.
Recovery times fibula fracture depend on the complexity of the fracture. The average recovery requires two to three months. Usually callus formed only one and a half months after the fracture. If the fracture is complicated by the displacement of bones, at the rehabilitation may take up to six months or more. The recovery period depends largely on the patient. It must strictly follow muscle exercises, massage and physiotherapy visit, as well as take care of the place of injury.