Rhinitis (runny nose) - an inflammatory process in the nasal mucosa. The cause of the common cold may be viruses. The virus enters the mucous nasal cavity together with the inhaled air. They disrupt the cells and create all the conditions for accession of a bacterial infection. Rhinitis can develop when the body's general overcooling. Sometimes a runny nose appears under the influence of occupational hazards (dust, smoke, strong-smelling pollutants). Other causes can be manipulated with the nose or nasal mucosa injury foreign bodies.
Stages and types of rhinitis
Changes in the mucous membrane of the nasal cavity are three main stages. Reflex stage rhinitis develops when the body overcooling. Reflex stage of the disease is accompanied by constriction and subsequent dilation of blood vessels, as well as swelling of the nasal turbinates. At this stage of the disease is marked burning sensation in the nose, dryness, difficulty in breathing and repeated sneezing.
Catarrhal stage of the common cold usually lasts two or three days. This stage develops under the influence of viruses. For catarrhal stage is characterized by the appearance of a cold heavy clear watery discharge from the nose, the appearance of watery eyes, stuffy ears and nasal tone of voice. At this stage of the disease is reduced nasal breathing and olfactory function.
Starting the final stage accompanied by the emergence of bacterial inflammation. At this stage, rhinitis gradually restored the sense of smell and nasal breathing, improves overall health, but discharge from the nose become green or yellow.
The whole cycle of the common cold usually lasts seven to ten days. With timely treatment recovery can occur within two to three days. At insufficient treatment and weakened immunity cold can become chronic.
By nature, origin can be allergic rhinitis, vasomotor, medication, infectious, traumatic, meteotropnym, atrophic or hypertrophic.
Allergic rhinitis is developing under the influence of any allergen. The role of the allergen can play plant pollen, animal dander, feathers, food. Allergic rhinitis is usually accompanied by tingling in the nose, itching, burning, sneezing, shortness of breath, profuse watery discharge. The inflammatory process in allergic rhinitis in the upper respiratory tract may move to lower divisions. It is therefore very important timely diagnosis and treatment of allergic rhinitis.
When vasomotor rhinitis dilates blood vessels. This type of rhinitis usually occurs as a result of hormonal disorders, emotional experiences. Vasomotor rhinitis can develop also exposed to tobacco smoke, exhaust gases, and hot spicy food. Manifestations of the common cold may be accompanied by a tear, sneezing, insomnia, headache, profuse mucous discharge. Medical runny nose develops with prolonged use of vasopressors.
Infectious rhinitis is viral, mycotic, bacterial. Usually this type of rhinitis is accompanied by other diseases (influenza, SARS, diphtheria, gonorrhea, scarlet fever).
Atrophic rhinitis develops when bone thinning or skeleton of the nasal mucosa. It is accompanied by dryness in the nose, burning sensation, reduced sense of smell.
For hypertrophic rhinitis is characterized by overgrowth of tissue (mucosa and submucosa.
There are acute and chronic rhinitis. Acute rhinitis is characterized by a sudden onset. There are weakness, headache, decreased performance. This type of rhinitis is accompanied by profuse nasal discharge, liquid and transparent at first, and then a thick, yellow-green. The mucous membrane of the nose swells, difficult breathing, lost the sense of smell, decreased sense of taste.
Chronic rhinitis develops with prolonged or repeated rhinitis, long-term effects on the nasal mucosa of various stimuli (dust, harmful fumes and odors). The cause of chronic rhinitis may be irritation of the nasal mucosa purulent secretions in diseases of the paranasal sinuses, prolonged impairment of circulation in the nasal mucosa in diseases of the heart, kidneys, lungs, the hormone system.
Treatment of the common cold must begin when the first symptoms of the disease. For the treatment of rhinitis can use moisturizers, vasoconstrictor, herbal medicines, homeopathic and antivirals, antibacterials, bacterial vaccines.
Rhinitis during pregnancy
Rhinitis during pregnancy can occur when sprouting polyps or nasopharyngeal adenoids. The cause of the common cold during pregnancy may be an increase in estrogen and progesterone levels. Low humidity various allergic reactions, increasing the concentration of hormones in blood lead to vascular changes induced rhinitis.
In the early stages of pregnancy rhinitis dangerous. If the nature of the appearance of the common cold virus, then it is likely that the virus is able to penetrate through the blood to the uterus and cause a spontaneous abortion.
In some cases the cause of rhinitis can affect the formation of the embryo in the early stages of pregnancy. Rhinitis during pregnancy at home can be treated with proven folk remedies.
Folk remedies for the common cold
In the complex treatment of the common cold can be used a variety of folk remedies. Rhinitis can be instilled into each nostril three to five drops of menthol oil. The procedure should be repeated twice a day. In addition, oil can grease the sides of the nose, temples, forehead. Kalanchoe juice - an effective folk remedy for the common cold. In the initial stage of rhinitis is necessary to drip into each nostril three to five drops of the juice of Kalanchoe. For the treatment of rhinitis can be prepared tincture. To this end, olive and sunflower oil (one hundred grams) should be mixed with a tablespoon of chopped rosemary. The mixture is to insist three weeks in a dark place, shaking daily. Strain, overcome. On the first day of treatment to bury two or three drops in each nostril during the following days - one drop four times a day. The course of treatment should last no longer than a week.
Effective folk remedy for the common cold is considered red beet juice. During a cold in each nostril can dig for five or six drops of fresh juice of red beet. You can moisten a cotton swab with beet juice and lay him on the nose. If chronic rhinitis is very useful to chew honeycomb and honey to lubricate the nostrils.
From rhinitis help onion vapors inhalation. Fresh onion grind and onion mixture stirring, breathe fumes onions until they are depleted. This procedure should be repeated twice a day.