A disease state develops withdrawal after stopping substance use and indicates the formation of dependence. When is the withdrawal syndrome, the patient has the disease of alcoholism. It depends on many factors such as:
- The duration of alcohol abuse;
- Genetic predisposition;
- The age at which a person begins to get involved alcohol;
- The initial state of health.
The person who receives daily low doses of alcohol "health", somehow, gets reception of alcohol dependence. Large amounts of alcohol, once received, contributes to the early formation of alcoholism.
Passion habits are not inherited, but there is a predisposition of the child in a family of alcoholics. Usually, withdrawal symptoms such children develop in the near future. Sometimes it is less than one year "time."
Early "acquaintance" with alcohol contributes to the development of alcohol dependence. At a certain heredity, even later craze, after 30-40 years, almost instantly translates hungover state in withdrawal symptoms, which suggests about alcoholism.
Health, including hereditary characteristics, influences the development of alcoholism. People born in the North do not have stock enzyme processing ethanol. All internal struggle with alcohol such people is limited to the work of liver alcohol dehydrogenase. Whereas about 30% southern alcohol processed muscle tissue. Less suffering liver and brain. Consequently, the withdrawal syndrome in people of southern develops much later. By the northern peoples are not only Chukchi and Aleuts, but also Russian. Therefore, the Slavs are also at risk for developing alcoholism.
Alcohol withdrawal syndrome
There are clear criteria for the start of alcoholism. First of all, the gag reflex disappears on excess drinking alcohol. The body takes it for granted and do not try to resist excessive "infusion." Vomiting comes back after a while, but it is not associated with alcohol intake. On the contrary, alcohol withdrawal syndrome triggers a gag reflex as a manifestation of intoxication.
Hangover a person goes to dinner the next day, while the withdrawal begins in the late afternoon. That is, in the morning the patient feels bad, and in the evening - even worse.
Subsequently, a pathological condition has been delayed for several days. Reception of alcohol leads to an imaginary better health. Some time later, the state of the alcoholic is getting worse.
Abstinence syndrome symptoms
Status abstinence is characterized by lesions of the nervous system. The myelin sheath of nerve tissue dissolve decay products of ethanol, slows down nerve transmission tenfold. Outwardly, it looks inhibition, memory disorders, low threshold of sensory nerve fibers. The developed withdrawal symptoms is not only neurological, but also on all organs and systems, which are innervated by myelinated nerve fibers.
The first to suffer analyzers. Negligible in normal noise is able to ruffle the patient is in a deep withdrawal.
At the level of higher nervous activity loss of nerve fibers results in true hallucinations. Patients see the awesome pictures with small monsters and the "green hell". The feeling of fear is constantly accompanied by a man who develops withdrawal symptoms while the patient is unable to explain why he was so afraid to cross the street, a bridge across the river and other minor obstacles.
Liver lead to the development of chronic hepatitis, with a tendency to go to the portal cirrhosis. This suffering is not only the digestive system, but also hematopoietic. Only the removal of abstinence syndrome prevents death. Otherwise, edema of the brain, which leads to disconnection points of respiration and circulation.
Treatment of withdrawal syndrome
Status of abstinence is a pathology that requires immediate medical attention. The removal of withdrawal symptoms Addiction is a primary task of the emergency. The patient should be hospitalized. He held intensive therapy aimed at the removal of intoxication syndrome. It boosted output from the body decomposition products of ethyl alcohol, which affects the nervous system.
In addition to the infusion of electrolyte solutions, patients received sedatives, hypnotics, vasodilators. In severe cases, if necessary, carried out resuscitation. Of course, treatment of withdrawal symptoms is carried out only by specialists Drug Rehabilitation Center. At home, get rid of abstinence is difficult. Even on their own past state of delirium tremens does not guarantee full recovery.
Abstinence syndrome is prone to relapse, so the patient should stop drinking. Each repeated emergency condition causes irreversible shift to the next higher nervous activity. Repeatedly recurring bouts of abstinence of alcohol contribute to degradation of the individual.
Withdrawal symptoms, prevention
To avoid the unpleasant effects of alcohol, it is necessary after the first hangover, stop taking alcohol for a minimum of three weeks. That's how much you want to restore the myelin fibers of the nervous system. Repeated "libation" exacerbates the primary lesion and promotes abstinence, which accurately indicates the formation of alcohol.