Tomography of the abdomen
With abdominal tomography physician receives detailed information about the state of organs in the peritoneum: kidney, pancreas, liver, adrenal, spleen, blood vessels, abdominal lymph nodes. Computed tomography has been used successfully to diagnose blood diseases: Hodgkin's disease and lymphoma.
Men have tomography of the abdomen helps identify ascites, inflammation of the peritoneum, identify prostate cancer, colon, bone, soft tissue, urinary bladder and its stage. Be sure to designate the primary imaging examination in trauma pelvis after surgery or radiotherapy of cancer of the rectum.
Women tomography of the abdomen is indicated for the diagnosis of abnormalities of the uterus, bladder cancer, pelvic trauma, as the primary examination for inflammation in the pelvis.
Computed tomography is indispensable for the diagnosis, because a result of it obtained a three-dimensional image of high quality, it allows you to make cuts viscera size 0, 5mm and identify minor changes of the peritoneum, which can not be seen in other surveys.
Preparation for abdominal imaging
The night before the procedure, the patient can eat a light dinner, the day of the scan can not have breakfast. If the survey was scheduled for the second half of the day, allowed only a light breakfast: gruel, juice, coffee, solid foods should not be.
Also, if you intend to use contrast in the survey, the evening before the patient in preparation for imaging the abdomen appoint a drink in small portions half a liter of solution Urografin 15% (75% two vials contrast diluted solution of 1, 5 liters of boiled water). Another half a liter to drink per day survey in the morning, and take the remaining 500ml with a drink for 30 and 15 min before imaging. Contrast can be intravenously administered - drug Ultravist, 50-150ml.
The contrast in the survey used if necessary to diagnose cysts, tumors, metastases, pathologies of the large vessels of the abdomen. Allowed the introduction of contrast directly on the imaging - scanning specific area of interest.
Tomography of the abdomen - is painless, while it is supposed to conduct the patient to lie still, occasionally asked to briefly hold your breath. Prior to the procedure, the patient must remove all objects containing metal. After the end of imaging can immediately return to normal life.
Tomography involves radiation exposure, and in spite of its low dose procedure with caution, if absolutely necessary, prescribed to young children. In order for the child to keep still during the investigation, in some cases, allowed to use anesthesia. For the same reason the anesthesia used during the examination of seriously ill patients.
Contraindications to abdominal tomography
It is impossible to assign a patient examination, which revealed an allergy to iodine and its preparations containing at elevated thyroid function, severe bronchial asthma, with the creatinine level greater than 1, 5 mg / dL. Study contraindicated for pregnant women, breastfeeding women.
Given the current contraindications, patient before undergoing imaging appoint donate blood for biochemical analysis - to determine the level of urea, ALT, AST, creatinine.