Removal of stretch marks
Nearly all women, with rare exceptions, are familiar with the problem of stretch marks. Most often, stretch marks, or striae, are caused by hormonal changes the body: chronic administration of hormonal drugs, puberty, during pregnancy and breastfeeding, as well as in various diseases of the endocrine system. Often the cause of stretch marks become a sharp set, and weight loss. Especially concerned about the problem of women removing stretch marks on the abdomen, hips, breasts and buttocks.
The structure of the skin: as a form of stretching?
Stretch marks are scars skin changes resulting from microtrauma elastic fibers. To better understand the mechanism of the formation of stretch marks, it is necessary to know the structure of the skin. In the skin, there are three main layers: epidermis, dermis and hypodermis (subcutaneous fat).
The dermis - the middle layer, which is the connective tissue. Located between the dermis and epidermis epidermis and its cells are the main fibroblasts that produce collagen and elastin, responsible for elasticity, thickness and strength of the skin. In addition to elastin and collagen fibers in the dermis located lymphatic and blood vessels, nerves, and enzymes. Thus, we can safely say that the dermis - a frame of the skin and on its condition largely depends on the state of human skin.
Skin tends to thin and lose elasticity under the influence of various factors (weight fluctuations, nervous tension, hormonal fluctuations, etc.), Which often leads to the appearance of microscopic internal elastin and collagen fibers. In places hard to break fibroblasts begin to produce collagen, and if this does not happen, then the gap is formed in the place of the scar, ie Stretching.
Initially stretch have bright red or blue color (as a result of bleeding blood vessels), but after a 1-1, 5 years they become faded, and the scar tissue completely atrophied.
Methods for the removal of stretch marks
To date, all of the major methods of removing stretch marks are divided into:
- peels and resurfacing;
- surgical techniques;
- fermentoterapii and pharmacotherapy;
- injection therapy.
All of these techniques, except for surgical removal of a laser or a scalpel stretch, work aimed at the activation of fibroblasts and an increase of collagen necessary for the reconstruction of destroyed cells of the dermis. Also, these methods are used to improve cellular metabolism, microcirculation and tissue nutrition vitamins and trace elements.
Methods for peeling and polishing directed at leveling color and relief between healthy skin and scar. Not bad helps these methods to remove stretch marks after giving birth. Mechanical polishing striae (microdermabrasion) involves the removal of the upper layers of stratified epidermis with the help of exposure to particulate matter (diamond polishing, aluminum crystals). This stimulates the synthesis of collagen and helps to improve microcirculation and skin renewal.
Removal of stretch marks laser (laser resurfacing) using carbon dioxide or erbium laser ablation produces an effect, ie, It contributes to evaporation from the surface of squamous cell carcinomas of the skin. It stimulates the regeneration processes. Excellent laser resurfacing to remove the stretch marks on the abdomen, hips, buttocks and other parts of the body.
Surgical methods remove stretch marks after giving birth meant issekanie scar using a laser or scalpel, and then lift the edge of the scar and put a nice cosmetic seam. Thus, scars less visible.
Another effective method for removing stretch marks, in the opinion is subtsiziya - procedure undercutting strands of connective tissue with a special needle, leaving the bottom of the rumen rises, leveling the skin relief.
Today the increasing popularity of fractional thermolysis procedure, the impact of which is directed directly to the dermis and stimulates collagen enhanced.
According to reviews, the removal of stretch marks has good effect with the use of peeling (chemical or AHA acids). During the procedure, the peeling occurs exfoliation of old cells of the epidermis and the formation of a new layer of fabric through a controlled burn. As a result, the relief is leveled and is updated skin. Peeling may be superficial or deep median. In deep peeling effect occurs not only on the epidermis, and dermis but.
Physiotherapy techniques aimed at improving the normal trophic tissue. For this purpose, apply phonophoresis, microcurrent therapy, mehanovakuumnuyu therapy in combination with various cosmetic or pharmaceuticals. The positive results for the removal of stretch marks on the abdomen and other parts of the body after cryomassage using liquid nitrogen.
By injecting methods remove stretch marks include ozone therapy, mesotherapy, Carboxytherapy. The essence of all these methods is to introduce under the skin of specific products that have a positive effect on the dermis, filling it with useful trace elements and stimulating blood circulation.
Mesotherapy comprises administering subcutaneously special cocktail consisting of minerals, vitamins, herbal extracts and collagen. When ozone therapy in problem areas introduced ozone-oxygen mixture, while carboxytherapy entered medical carbon dioxide, contributing to the expansion of blood vessels and stimulate blood circulation. These methods are quite effective for the removal of stretch marks after giving birth, especially if they are fresh.
Pharmacotherapy is the most inefficient method of removing stretch marks on the reviews. All sorts of creams, ointments and other cosmetic products for stretch marks are called to have a beneficial effect on the formation of connective tissue, to increase skin elasticity and hydration.
Choosing the best method of removing stretch marks
Most experts agree that completely remove stretch marks and restore the skin to its original state is not possible. But they can make stretch marks and scars the least visible to the human eye. Here the great role played by the age of stretch marks. Thus, they than "younger", the greater the potential for recovery from skin.
In the case of single stretch as prevention can help use of creams and ointments, massages and body wraps with algae. To remove stretch marks after giving birth, still very fresh, with red-and-blue, mostly using the whole arsenal of physiotherapy, as well as grinding, peeling, fermentoterapii.
Colorless old scars can be removed, or rather slightly adjusted only by a surgical method. You can also use the method of laser removal of stretch marks.
To stretch the correction was successful, experts tend to use the alternation of different methods, taking into account the age of the stretch marks themselves, the patient's age and other factors.